OHSAA responds and will not appeal after judge rules Dunbar back in tournament

Published: Tuesday, March 06, 2018 @ 6:12 AM
Updated: Tuesday, March 06, 2018 @ 8:50 PM

WATCH: DPS Basketball brawl at center of OHSAA lawsuit

UPDATE, 8:45 p.m.:

The OHSAA released a statement Tuesday after Montgomery County Common Pleas Court Judge Krumholtz issued a ruling allowing Dunbar High School back into the state tournament.

OHSAA official Tim Stried-“The OHSAA is disappointed in the outcome of the court’s decision today, but will not pursue an appeal. Despite the court’s decision to allow Dunbar High School back into the tournament, it is clear that violations of OHSAA regulations took place and in the aftermath of the incident there was a lack of administrative responsibility from the highest levels of Dayton Public Schools.”

UPDATE, 7 p.m.: Montgomery County Common Pleas Judge Michael Krumholtz ruled that the OHSAA had, in fact, made a mistake in its ruling against Dunbar.

He wrote that “Upon a thorough review of the video from the January 10, 2018 brawl, the Court counts five players on the court, and at most, seven on the Dunbar bench at the time the fight broke out.”

Krumholtz writes that Dunbar Coach Chuck Taylor, who is aDayton Municipal Court bailiff, provided an “unrefuted explanation” for the whereabouts of the key 13th player, John Doe. Taylor testified that he saw John Doe in the locker room hallway as he went out to the ongoing melee.

RELATED: OHSAA calls handling of Dunbar issue “puzzling”

“Coach Taylor can be seen in the videos exiting the Dunbar locker room area,” Krumholtz wrote. “The Court did not observe any player head into the locker room from the beginning of the video, which starts shortly before the commission of the “hard foul,” until Coach Taylor appears. Thus, as Coach Taylor testified, John Doe was already in the locker room hallway before the fight broke out.”

UPDATE, 5:45 p.m.: Dunbar’s boys basketball team won a court ruling against the Ohio High School Athletic Association on Tuesday, at least temporarily placing the team back in Ohio’s postseason tournament.

RELATED: Step-by-step look at Dunbar case, from Jan. 10 to today

OHSAA officials could not immediately be reached for comment on whether they would appeal the 10-page ruling.

Dunbar is now scheduled to play Middletown Fenwick in a sectional final game at 9:30 p.m. Wednesday.

Last week, the OHSAA had disqualified Dunbar from the tournament, saying they used an ineligible player in their Feb. 23 tournament opener. Another Dayton Public School, Thurgood Marshall, was put in Dunbar’s place.

APRIL 2017: All DPS schools get 3 years of OHSAA probation

But Montgomery County Common Pleas Court Judge Michael Krumholtz overruled that move by OHSAA on Tuesday.

The district had argued the OHSAA failed to prove a player who played in a tournament game for the varsity was not involved in a junior varsity game fight in January between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall.

UPDATE, 2:15 p.m.: Judge Michael Krumholtz said he knows many people are waiting for his decision, which he hopes to have this afternoon or evening.

Krumholtz ended the hearing in which Dayton Public Schools requested a restraining order to block the Ohio High School Athletic Association’s ruling that removed Dunbar from the tournament and reinstated Thurgood Marshall to play Middletown Fenwick.

Krumholtz will issue a written ruling, meaning no additional court session would be required.

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UPDATE, 2:10 p.m.: Steven Craig, OHSAA’s attorney, argues there’s a plethora of reliable information regarding the fight between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall’s reserve teams in January: 13 names in scorebook, and 13 players in video. He said that is true, whether or not they can ID them by name or number.

The OHSAA argues not a single Dunbar player is seen leaving until well after the fight broke up.

Craig says it “stretches the imagination” to say Dunbar sent the key player in the eligibility issue to the locker room near the end of the JV game.

The OHSAA faults Dunbar administrators who failed to do what they were supposed to do. “If they had, we wouldn’t be here today,” the OHSAA attorney said.

There have been other issues that have come up between Dunbar and OHSAA since the football game that led to all Dayton schools being placed on probation. Those issues were handled normally, the OHSAA attorney said. “To say we’re doing this because we’re out to get them is offensive,” Craig said.

UPDATE, 2 p.m.: DPS attorney Brian Wildermuth argued that, if OHSAA made a mistake or acted arbitrarily, the court can set aside the OHSAA decision and put Dunbar basketball back in tourney.

Wildermuth said there’s no evidence key player in the eligibility dispute left the bench or even was on the bench. Wildermuth calls the OHSAA investigation “shoddy” and said no one can identify the player on the game video.

Wildermuth said, “We know what’s going on here: OHSAA has it out for DPS because of a football game a year ago.”

Wildermuth asks, “Why, after six weeks, they churn up an issue that hadn’t been an issue all along?” Wildermuth says it’s a game of “gotcha.”

UPDATE, 1:50 p.m.: Dunbar varsity basketball coach Chuck Taylor said he was in the locker room when the fight started between the reserve team and Thurgood Marshall in January. Taylor said the player at the crux of this eligibility fight was coming into the locker room when Taylor was coming out.

Taylor said a JV coach sent the key player in the dispute to the locker room.

Taylor testified he could only make out a few of the jersey numbers of players on the video of the Jan. 10 fight. He said he couldn’t see the player at the heart of the eligibility issue on the video.

Taylor, asked why Dunbar didn’t suspend players for coming off the bench, said, “It’s up to the referee to help us out and give us some numbers.”

Taylor said DPS administrators suspended two players who clearly fought on the video.

UPDATE, 1:35 p.m.: As court resumes, the key arguments appear to be: attorneys for Dayton schools focused on OHSAA’s uncertainty of whether 7 or 8 players were on the bench for the fight. OHSAA has said regardless of the exact number, all players left the bench and should have been suspended.

UPDATE, 1:10 p.m: The court took a 20-minute break. One more witness is expected to testify for DPS. The OHSAA lawyer said he did not anticipate calling any witnesses.

Before the break, the OHSAA attorney focused on the fact that DPS schools are voluntary members of OHSAA. A court memo the OHSAA filed this morning cites precedent limiting schools’ ability to challenge the group.

UPDATE, 1:04 p.m.: OHSAA Commissioner Dr. Dan Ross testifies that OHSAA could not identify Dunbar players on bench by name, number or physical description. Their ruling was based on number of people who left the bench.

DPS and OHSAA have disagreed if there were seven or eight players on the bench.

UPDATE, 12:41 p.m.: Dunbar Athletic Director Quiona Boffman testified that she was at the January game in which Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall players fought. Boffman said she worked to get everyone back to their seats and described the scene as chaotic.

Boffman says once she read the game ejection report, she left a voicemail for OHSAA’s Ben Ferree asking him to call her back for corrections. She testified she is certain she left Ferree a voicemail message including her name and contact info within one week of the fight.

DPS asks Boffman if she made a “good-faith effort” to contact OHSAA officials — pointing out it was critical in their decision making. She said yes.

UPDATE, 12:30 p.m.: The Dayton Public Schools lawyer sought a break in the hearing, but Judge Michael Krumholtz said time was of the essence in resolving which teams would be in the state basketball tournament, and told the lawyer to call his next witness. The parties have been in court since 8:30 a.m.

Dunbar Athletic Director Quiona Boffman is taking the stand.

UPDATE, 12:24 p.m.: Jerry Snodgrass, an OHSAA official, testified in court today about Dunbar players and a fight with Thurgood Marshall players in a junior varsity game: “Every single player that was on that bench left towards the fight.”

OHSAA attorney asked if Snodgrass or anyone else in his office has the authority to change the by laws in this rule book — Snodgrass says no. He is referring to the rule that states any players who come off the bench during a brawl are required to be suspended.

Snodgrass says it’s the school’s primary responsibility to discipline players when violation has occurred. 

UPDATE, 12:05 p.m.: The OHSAA’s Jerry Snodgrass said after watching three different angles of fight, he determined no Dunbar players stayed on the bench once the fight broke out. He says he learned none of those players served suspensions.

Snodgrass then explained how disruptive a ruling such as making Dunbar forfeit and reinstating Thurgood Marshall, which lost to Dunbar last week, would be to the other teams in the state tournament, especially when it is made so closely to the scheduled game date.

UPDATE, 11:59 a.m.: A state official today said he first saw a game video of the Jan. 10 fight between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall junior varsity players last Wednesday.

Snodgrass, director of sport management for OHSAA, watched video with OHSAA executive director Dan Ross and other OHSAA employees.

OHSAA’s lawyer asks Snodgrass about his role, and he said he was to compare what happened Jan. 10 to national federation rules about leaving the bench and consequences listed in OHSAA regulations.

UPDATE, 11:44 a.m.: Communications between Dayton Public Schools and the OHSAA are again are the focus of Brian Wildermuth, the DPS attorney.

He asks: Is there anything that prevents OHSAA calling the school or district? OHSAA’s Jerry Snodgrass: “No. And all of the ADs have my cell phone number too to reach out.”

UPDATE, 11:35 a.m.: OHSAA’s Jerry Snodgrass now on stand in Dunbar case. He’s director of sport management and oversees multiple team sports, including basketball.

Snodgrass said he heard of a bench-clearing brawl at the Jan. 10 Dunbar-Thurgood game, and he agrees the group should look into it. But he said he waits for officiating reports to come in. They have 48 hours to file those.

“We also rely on our member schools,” he said.

UPDATE, 11:14 a.m.: OHSSA’s final report on the fight involving Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall players in January says 7 Dunbar players came off the bench, but the scorebook seems to indicate there were 8 players there that night. More noticeable grumbles come from the courtroom audience because of this discrepancy.

UPDATE, 11:10 a.m.: The DPS attorney said to an OHSAA official, “People at OHSAA don’t have a fond spot for Dunbar, do they?”

Ben Ferree, the OHSAA’s assistant director of officiating in sports management, says he doesn’t know what the attorney is talking about.

In its court filing to get Dunbar reinstated to the tournament, DPS argued the OHSAA acted out of spite against the district. All DPS schools were placed on state probation because of a Dunbar football athletic scandal from the 2016 season.

Ferree says it would have been a waste of time to speak to the player in question and the player’s mother. DPS attorney continues to grill him why he would not do that.

UPDATE, 10:51 a.m.: Ferree says multiple people at OHSAA, including himself, watched the video footage of the fight and went over the list of players who participated in the game that January night.

Ferree says OHSAA’s decision was based what they saw in the score sheets, video camera footage of the fight and the referee report.

Ferree says he does not know which players were involved in the fight between the two schools, even though he was in the room going over video footage with other OHSAA officials.

UPDATE, 10:45 a.m.: Ferree admits he did not ask for specific player information until after he sent several emails.

Ferree reads another email Dunbar Athletic Director Quiona Boffman sent him in February, asking for more guidance on this matter. Ferree admits he never responded. There is a noticeable grumbling in the audience.

UPDATE, 10:40 a.m.: Communication problems between Dayton Public Schools and the Ohio High School Athletic Association became the focus of a court hearing.

Ferree reviewed two emails between himself and Boffman. Ferree says he emailed her and he read over her response — but said he never received it. Ferree said he does not know why the email never showed up in his inbox.

Ferree said no one ever responded to Boffman’s email because no one received it, for whatever reason. After that, Ferree sent another email letting Boffman know Dunbar had been disqualified.

UPDATE, 10:30 a.m.: When court resumes, Dayton Public Schools’ attorney calls to the stand Feree, whose his responsibilities include official discipline and objection reports.

One issue the school district and OHSAA have disagreed about is communication after the January fight and the March tournament game that the state ruled Dunbar forfeited for using an ineligble player.

Feree says he did not receive any voicemail message from Dunbar’s athletic director.

DPS attorney shows document proving the Dunbar athletic director did send an email to OHSAA asking for guidance on the situation. Feree admits OHSAA never responded to that email, and he did not know about the email until days after DPS filed the lawsuit.

UPDATE, 10:05 a.m.: The case is on a 15-minute break.

Before that, Dunbar reserve boys basketball coach Donovan Brown says he’s gone through the security video footage 20-30 times but never saw the player in question here today. OHSAA officials say that player should have been suspended too, but DPS argues he was not involved.

UPDATE, 9:58 a.m.: Brown says the brawl between his players and Thurgood Marshall in January was scary and chaotic. He said he treats his players as his kids and describes how fans started running towards the court with big jackets on and describes how he tried stopping them from getting to the kids.

Brown testifies the first punch was thrown by one of Thurgood Marshall’s players. Brown said he, security and parents eventually got brawl under control, but it took some time.

UPDATE, 9:48 a.m.: DPS attorney calls Brown to the stand and witnesses the Jan. 10 fight between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall players.

Brown said he was trying to get kids off the court as the fight happened. He said that, in the games final minute, a Thurgood Marshall player grabbed the rebound, then Dunbar’s player committed a foul to stop the clock. It was a harsh foul, he said, and that’s when players began chest bumping, then fighting.

UPDATE, 9:42 a.m.: The attorney for DPS questions the referee and asks if he was on the bench and his safety was threatened, would he leave the bench? He said he would.

The OHSAA attorney asks the referee if he saw any players running away from the fight after leaving the bench. He said he did not.

The referee’s testimony ends.

UPDATE, 9:35 a.m.: OHSAA now cross examining referee about the junior varsity game between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall. They roll the video footage again, clearly showing a Dunbar player shove a Thurgood Marshall player with the ball down to the ground. The fight then begins.

Once again, based off video footage, OHSAA’s lawyer asks if any bench players remained on the bench. The referee says no and acknowledges the rule is that anyone who leaves the bench must be suspended.

“The rule doesn’t distinguish between those who leave the bench and participate in the fight. If you leave the bench you are disqualified,” said the OHSAA attorney. He then points out all Dunbar players had left the bench.

UPDATE:, 9:30 a.m.: A key argument is emerging in Dayton’s fight to get Dunbar reinstated. The district’s lawyers asked a referee about suspensions from fights, and what happens to players who are trying to avoid the fight.

The referee testifying says players who throw punches get two-game suspensions, and so do players who come off the bench.

DPS asks referee what he knows about rules when a player comes off the bench to get away from the fight. OHSAA attorney objects, Judge Michael Krumholtz overrules. Referee responds, says he does not know the rules on that matter.

UPDATE, 9:23 a.m.: Dayton Public Schools calls referee to the stand to talk about what he saw in the junior varsity game between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall that is key to the court battle today.

DPS attorney asks referee to read over the summary he submitted to OHSAA of the altercation in January JV game. Referee says he saw #22 hard foul anther player on the court.

Referee says he gave two numbers of players involved in fight to officials. He says one player from Thurgood and another player from Dunbar threw punches.

UPDATE, 9:15 a.m.: OHSAA’s attorney asks DPS Executive Director of Safety and Security Richard Wright to identify a player getting pulled off the court during the fight. Wright cannot ID the player but says it’s his understanding it’s a player and his father. Wright says coaches from both teams reviewed the video footage.

Both sides are finished asking Wright questions.

UPDATE, 9:10 a.m.: The OHSAA attorney asks to see the second camera angle of the fight between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall. He has Wright point out that every Dunbar player left the bench once the fight broke out.

UPDATE:, 9:05 a.m.: The DPS attorney asks Wright what the district’s decision was after watching video footage of the fight. Wright says Athletic Director Mark Baker said two Dunbar players and two Thurgood Marshall players were involved, and they were suspended from games as a result.

UPDATE, 9 a.m.: The video of the fight between Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall is being shown in court. That fight, and what players were suspended for two games afterward, are at the center of the fight between Dayton Public Schools and the OHSAA.

In the video, security takes some players by the arm and escorts them off the court. The fight begins and ends within a few minutes, and DPS’ lawyers show how close it was to the Dunbar bench.

UPDATE, 8:50 a.m.: DPS has called Executive Director of Safety and Security Richard Wright as a witness to the stand.

Wright says he was at the junior varsity basketball game in January when Dunbar and Thurgood Marshall’s teams got into a “bench-clearing” brawl. He says when he walked into the gym, players were already fighting and getting separated, and he started escorting people away from the gym.

UPDATE, 8:45 a.m.: Court has began for the case between the Ohio High School Athletic Association and Dayton Public Schools.

EARLIER: Attorneys for Dayton’s school board and the Ohio High School Athletic Association are expected in Montgomery County Common Pleas Court today, as they argue whether Dunbar High School’s boys basketball team should be reinstated into the postseason tournament.

A hearing is scheduled for 8:30 a.m. before Judge Michael Krumholtz, on Dayton Public Schools’ request for a temporary restraining order/preliminary injunction.

The board of education for Dayton Public Schools sued the Ohio High School Athletic Association after OHSAA removed Dunbar from the postseason tournament, citing the DPS school’s use of an ineligible player in their tournament opener Feb. 23.

In its second game, Dunbar had beaten another DPS school, Thurgood Marshall, to reach the sectional final. OHSAA’s ruling had put Thurgood into that matchup against Middletown Fenwick, but DPS is trying to have Thurgood removed and Dunbar put back in that spot.

Krumholtz could rule in favor of DPS, which would put Dunbar into a sectional final game against Fenwick at 9:30 p.m. Wednesday at UD Arena. Or he could rule in favor of OHSAA, which would put Thurgood Marshall in that game.

If Krumholtz doesn’t rule immediately, it could force another postponement of the sectional final game. The winner of that game is currently scheduled to face Cincinnati Woodward in the district tournament Saturday.

News Center 7’s Caroline Reinwald contributed to this report.

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Two Dayton rec centers host world’s largest swimming lesson

Published: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 9:05 PM

Dayton rec centers hold world's largest swimming lesson

Two Dayton recreation centers hosted the 2018 World's Largest Swimming Lesson this morning. 

The Greater Dayton and Lohrey Recreation Centers taught basic water safety reminding everyone that learning to swim helps prevent drowning. More than 41,000 swimmers in 27 countries on six continents participated in 2017.

>>Spike in illness has health officials warning of precautions at swimming pools

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, drowning remains the leading cause of injury related death for children ages one to four, and the second leading cause for children under 14. Internationally, the World Health Organization estimates drowning is one of the top five causes of death for children ages one to 14 in 48 of the 85 countries it monitors. 

"The earlier you introduce kids to the water, the greater chance of survival," said Ian Morgan, the Head Life Saving Instructor for the City of Dayton. "When you enter a kid into water and teach them swim lesson one through four, you reduce the risk of drowning by 88 percent." 

In a 2014 survey completed by the American Red Cross, results indicated 54 percent of Americans either can't swim or don't have all of the basic swimming skills. 

>>Top 10 most dangerous summer toys according to experts 

Other results show parents do not recognize that supervision is key. 

According to a 2016 Safe Kids Worldwide report, despite the fact that lack of supervision played a role in the majority of drowning deaths, less than half of parents (49 percent) indicated they remain within arms' reach of their child in the water.

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Kettering officer-involved shooting: 1 person taken to hospital

Published: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 9:00 PM
Updated: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 10:10 PM

Shooting

UPDATE @ 10:10 p.m.

Kettering police confirmed tonight that an officer-involved shooting on Smithville Road sent a man, not the officer, to a local hospital.

The officer is fine, but police have not said whether the man was a driver, passenger or someone else.

Police said a Kettering officer initiated a traffic stop that ended in the city of Dayton. A minute later, a “Signal 99” was called for the officer in need of assistance, and shots were fired.

(MICHAEL BURIANEK / STAFF)

UPDATE @ 9:50 p.m.

A Kettering police officer confirmed there were “shots fired” after a traffic stop on Smithville Road and that a person, not the officer, was taken to a local hospital for treatment.

It’s not confirmed whether the incident was connected to a hit-and-run crash nearby.

Nick Kauffman of Kettering said he was on his way to a motorcycle ride when his path was blocked by all the police activity.

“It’s pretty wild. You don’t expect to see this stuff outside your back door,” he said.

There were officers from at least three police forces.

FIRST REPORT

Police issued a “Signal 99” tonight for an officer in need of assistance.

According to initial reports, a shot was fired.

There is a heavy police presence in the area of Smithville and Patterson roads in Kettering, and those streets are now blocked.

We have a crew on the way and will update this report.

Got a tip? Call our monitored 24-hour line, 937-259-2237, or send it to newsdesk@cmgohio.com

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Television personality and commentator Charles Krauthammer has died at 68

Published: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 7:11 PM
Updated: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 10:24 PM

The Life of Charles Krauthammer

Longtime columnist and television personality Charles Krauthammer died Thursday following his battle with cancer.

>> Read more trending news 

His death was announced by two organizations that employed him, Fox News Channel and The Washington Post.

The 68-year-old had been paralyzed below the neck in a diving accident yet graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1975 and practiced psychiatry.

He later developed a career as a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and commentator.

Krauthammer is credited with coining the term “The Reagan Doctrine” for President Reagan’s policy of aiding anti-Communist movements worldwide. He was a leading advocate for the Iraq War and a prominent critic of President Barack Obama, whom he praised for his “first-class intellect and first-class temperament” and denounced for having a “highly suspect” character.

In early June, "A note to readers," was published by The Washington Post, Krauthammer, wrote that he had a cancerous tumor removed from his abdomen in August. There were setbacks in his recovery that prevented him from working, but he thought he was making progress in his recovery.

The cancer has returned in an aggressive form, Krauthammer wrote. 

"This is the final verdict. My fight is over," Krauthammer wrote.

In the post, Krauthammer thanked those who have assisted him during his medical treatment. He also thanked his Washington Post and Fox News colleagues, readers and viewers.

FILE - In this March 31, 2015 file photo, Charles Krauthammer talks about getting into politics during a news conference in Corpus Christi, Texas. (Gabe Hernandez/Corpus Christi Caller-Times via AP)(Gabe Hernandez/AP)

Krauthammer said he is leaving this life with no regrets.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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The 10 most dangerous summer toys of 2018, according to experts

Published: Thursday, June 21, 2018 @ 12:44 PM

10 Dangerous Summer Toys

All-terrain vehicles, slingshots and backyard water slides are among the most dangerous toys for kids during summer 2018, according to a new report from World Against Toys Causing Harm, or (WATCH).

The consumer watchdog group released its report of 10 top “summer safety traps” on the first day of summer, as more children start to get out and enjoy the summer season.

Nearly half of all child injury deaths happen in the summer months, and hospital emergency departments treat about 2.5 million children injured in accidents, WATCH reports.

>> Read more trending news 

WATCH’s Top 10 Summer Safety Traps for 2018

1. Water balloon slingshots: Slingshots can shoot ammunition with great force, with the potential for projectile eye and face injuries. 

The Black Series Outdoor Slingshot Target Game is among the top 10 “summer safety traps” and toy warnings in a new report from World Against Toys Causing Harm, or (WATCH).(WATCH.org)

The Black Series Outdoor Slingshot Target Game warns, “This is a potentially powerful slingshot, please use caution at all times.”

The Bunch O Balloons Slingshot is marketed with the capability to “launch water balloons up to 150 FT.” and boasts that you can fill “100s of balloons in minutes.” It has been named one of WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” of 2018.(WATCH.org)

The Bunch O Balloons Slingshot is marketed with the capability to “launch water balloons up to 150 feet” and boasts that you can fill “hundreds of balloons in minutes.”

Balloons are a well-known choking hazard among small kids. WATCH reports that between 2014-2016, five children under age 12 died from choking on a balloon or balloon string.

WATCH also notes that some slingshot toys have inconsistent or confusing marketing -- some products say that it is “not a toy,” while marketing it as a “great game for teenagers and adults.”

2. Lawn darts: Lawn darts used in outdoor games could lead to blunt head force injuries because they are intended to be thrown, WATCH reports. 

While pointed lawn darts have been banned in the U.S. since 1988, modified versions of lawn darts with blunt, weighted bottoms are growing in popularity. 

Topping this year’s list of 10 Summer Safety Traps by WATCH, because these blunt bottomed lawn darts, intended to be thrown during use in outdoor games, could potentially lead to blunt force head injuries.(WATCH.org)

3. Low-riding wheeled toys (Big Wheels and other plastic tricycles): Big wheels and plastic tricycles that sit low to the ground are dangerous because motorists cannot see them in driveways, or near roads. 

Low riding big wheel toys are on WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018.(WATCH.org)

These toys are especially dangerous near pools, and several children have died after falling from a riding toy into a pool.

Adding a tall flag to a low-profile riding toy can help make them more visible to drivers.

4. Backyard in-ground and above-ground pools: Every day, 10 people die in the United States due to accidental drowning.

>>Read: Former Olympic skier Bode Miller's 19-month-old daughter drowns in pool

Above-ground pools are named as one of the most dangerous summer toys on WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018.(Benny Lin, Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0))

Sixty-six children under 15 years old drown in above-ground pools every year. In 2015, 347 children under the age of 15 drowned in a pool or spa.

Experts say it’s important to check water safety measures at home every season and remove pools from the yard when not in use. 

Young children are especially at risk when attempting to scale a ladder to get into an above-ground pool.

Safety advocates warn to never leave children unattended around water.

5. All-terrain vehicles: Safety advocates warn that children should not be allowed to operate an all-terrain vehicle at any time, and families should think carefully before letting a child ride as a passenger.

ATVs are at high risk of flipping over. Those who survive often suffer from devastating head, chest and internal trauma. 

All-terrain vehicles should not be driven by children at any time, safety experts warn.(Al Bello/Getty Images)

Children lack the coordination, reflexes and judgment to avoid crashing ATVs and other motorized vehicles, the American Academy of Pediatrics reports. 

Every year, about 650 people are killed and 100,000 are hurt in ATV accidents. 

Nearly one-third of deadly ATV accidents from 2010 to 2013 involved ATVs being ridden on paved roads or parking lots. 

6. Toys with small parts: Toys with detaching parts can be a choking hazard for small children. While they are a year-round concern, child safety advocates said there have been a number of recent recalls for these types of dangerous toys.

In 2017, nearly 2 million toys with small parts were pulled from store shelves in the U.S. and Canada over safety concerns. 

Toys with tiny parts including these Munchkin brand items top WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018 list.(WATCH.org)

My First Porsche - Wooden Car was recalled in May because the wheels could detach and create a choking hazard.

Every three minutes, a child is hurt by a toy.

Experts say to check toys for slender parts, pieces that can break off and soft material that could be swallowed and block a young child’s airway.

7. Shallow water: Baby pools, garden buckets, pool covers: Shallow bodies of water in backyards are one of the most overlooked water hazards for kids, experts say. 

Gaps in pool covers or ones that can sag and collect water create a greater drowning risk.

Baby pools are dangerous because they are often left filled with water unattended, without barriers to prevent children from getting in unsupervised. 

Experts say children should avoid playing in water fountains unsupervised, because a child can drown in only 2 inches of water.(Pat Scala, Getty Images)

Water in other containers, like buckets or fountains, might not look dangerous but can be deadly -- because a child can drown in only 2 inches of water.

According to a 2018 CPSC report, most drowning incidents among children under 5 years old happen at home.

Experts say it is important to empty pools after each use and turn them upside down so they cannot collect rainwater.

8. Backyard water slides: Teens are at risk of neck injuries and paralysis if they play on backyard water slides intended for small children. 

Adults and teens who dive on to Slip ‘N Slide-type water slides could abruptly stop in such a way that it could cause permanent spine injury.

Slip and slide backyard toys are among WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018.(WATCH.org)

The Little Tikes Wet and Dry First Slide pictured above contains warnings including “This product is not intended for anyone over 60 LBS” and “Because of their size, older children and adults risk spine, head, neck and other life-threatening injuries from using this slide.”

9. High-powered water guns and guns with projectile ammunition: Water guns, bows and arrows or any other toys that “take aim” at another person can cause serious injuries.

Projectile ammunition, even foam darts and water streams, can lead to serious eye injuries.

The Air Warriors Thermal Hunter is sold for ages 6 and up, with four darts, marketed to “blast up to 90 feet.”

High-powered water guns or any fake guns that include projectiles are among WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018.(WATCH.org)

Eye injuries to children from non-powder guns, such as airsoft and pellet guns, increased exponentially by more than 500 percent between 2010 and 2012.

45 percent of the estimated 240,000 toy-related injuries in 2016 (107,400), occurred to the head and face area.

10. Bounce houses and backyard trampolines: Colorful, inflatable bounce houses are a birthday party staple, but there have been several reports of bounce houses falling over, or being blown away.

In April, 5 children in South Carolina went to the hospital with injuries after a bounce house became airborne.

Bounce houses are among WATCH’s “Top 10 Summer Safety Traps” For 2018.(Robert Couse-Baker, Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0))

From 2003 to 2013, inflatable bounce houses were responsible for approximately over 100,000 injuries and 12 reported deaths.

Backyard trampolines have been associated with catastrophic injuries, including fractures, cervical spine injuries and paralysis.

About 100,000 injuries involving trampolines are reported every year, and there were 22 trampoline deaths between 2000 and 2009, WATCH reports. One in every 200 of these injuries result in permanent neurological damage.

Most trampoline injuries happen at private homes. 

Netting, padding and adult supervision have not prevented trampoline injuries and may provide a false sense of security, experts say.

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