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Published: Tuesday, October 10, 2017 @ 2:13 PM
— Tuesday is World Mental Health Day, a day dedicated to raising awareness of mental health issues.
According to The World Health Organization, the day “provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work, and what more needs to be done to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide.”
Of those issues, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly seen in children.
It is estimated that 5 percent of children suffer from the disorder, which is often first identified when the child disrupts classrooms or fails classwork.
Here is a look at the disorder, who has it and what can be done.
What is ADHD?
According to the American Psychological Association, ADHD is a “lifelong, persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development across time and settings.”
Who has it?
ADHD affects children, teens, and adults. It is more common in boys than in girls.
What are the symptoms?
There are three types of diagnosed ADHD, inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type and combined type. A diagnosis is based on the symptoms that have occurred over the past six months.
Here are the symptoms for each.
Symptoms in Children
Is easily distracted
Doesn't follow directions or finish tasks
Doesn't appear to be listening
Doesn't pay attention and makes careless mistakes
Forgets about daily activities
Have problems organizing daily tasks
Doesn’t like to do things that require sitting still
Often loses things
Tends to daydream
Often squirms fidgets, or bounces when sitting
Doesn't stay seated
Has trouble playing quietly
Is always moving, such as running or climbing on things (In teens and adults, this is more commonly described as “restlessness.”)
Is always “on the go,” as if “driven by a motor”
Has trouble waiting for his or her turn
Blurts out answers
Symptoms in Adults
Chronic lateness and forgetfulness
Problems at work
Trouble controlling anger
Substance abuse or addiction
Trouble concentrating when reading
In addition, for a diagnosis of ADHD, the following conditions must be met:
Several inattentive or hyperactive-impulsive symptoms were present before age 12 years.
Several symptoms are present in two or more settings, (e.g., at home, school or work; with friends or relatives; in other activities).
There is clear evidence that the symptoms interfere with, or reduce the quality of, social, school, or work functioning.
The symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder (e.g. mood disorder, anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder, or a personality disorder).
How is it diagnosed?
Diagnosis includes talking to parents, teachers and the child, completing a checklist, and ruling out other medical issues.
There is no one test that will diagnose ADHD.
What can be done?
Medication and therapy are used to treat ADHD.
Medication: Stimulant and non-stimulant medication can help with ADHD. Stimulants that can help include:
Dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Dexedrine)
Methylphenidate (Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate, Methylin, Ritalin, Quillivant)
Nonstimulant medications include:
According to WebMD, dietary supplements with omega 3s have shown some benefit.
Therapy can also help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration. It can also help improve their self-esteem.
Published: Monday, April 23, 2018 @ 7:31 PM
Published: Monday, April 23, 2018 @ 2:09 PM
Updated: Monday, April 23, 2018 @ 2:09 PM
ANTIOCH, Tenn. — Authorities on Monday afternoon arrested a man suspected of stripping at a Waffle House in Antioch, Tennessee, early Sunday before opening fire on customers and employees, killing four people.
Nashville police confirmed that authorities arrested suspected shooter Travis Reinking, 29, on Monday afternoon. He was earlier identified as the man suspected of killing Taurean C. Sanderlin, 29; Joe R. Perez, 20; Akilah Dasilva and DeEbony Groves, 21.
Published: Monday, April 23, 2018 @ 5:21 PM
TORONTO — A van apparently jumped onto a sidewalk Monday at a busy intersection in Toronto and struck down pedestrians before the vehicle was found and the driver taken into custody, Canadian police said.
Published: Monday, April 23, 2018 @ 6:40 PM
WELCH, Okla. — Investigators made a break in the 1999 disappearance of two Welch, Oklahoma, girls.
Officials charged Ronnie Busick in connection with their disappearance, according to KOKI.
Ashley Freeman and Lauria Bible were 16 years old in 1999, when they planned a sleepover to celebrate Freeman's birthday.
The day after the sleepover, firefighters found Freeman's parents, Danny and Kathy Freeman, shot to death in their burned-out home. The girls, however, had disappeared.
For years, investigators searched for answers, interviewed several potential suspects and pleaded for information surrounding the girls' disappearance.
KOKI reported in 2017 that "extremely valuable" information was turned over by Craig County Sheriff Heath Winfrey.
Officials said they charged Busick Sunday in connection with the case. He faces four charges of first-degree murder, two counts of kidnapping and a final count of arson.
Busick is currently in custody in Newston, Kansas, according to investigators.
Here are the most recent DOC pictures of Ronnie Busick, he's in custody now in Newton, Kansas.— Tiffany Alaniz (@TiffanyAlaniz) April 23, 2018
Investigators say Busick, Welch, & Pennington killed Danny & Kathy, burned down their home and kidnapped Lauria Bible and Ashley Freeman. They still need tips to find bodies. @FOX23 pic.twitter.com/93MVLE450s
At least two other people were involved in the case, they said. Those two, identified as Warren Phillip Welch and David Pennington, have since died.
Members of the victim’s families learned Lauria and Ashley were likely kept alive some time after their disappearance, but they have since died. Their bodies have not been recovered.
An affidavit claimed Welch kept photographs in a leather briefcase that showed the girls bound and gagged at his Picher home during their last days. According to the affidavit, multiple people said they had seen the pictures, but the suspects reportedly threatened them.
Ballard says there are polaroid pictures taken of Lauria Bible and Ashley Freeman taken after they were kidnapped that have been seen my many people. Investigators do not know exactly how long they were alive after they were kidnapped. @FOX23— Tiffany Alaniz (@TiffanyAlaniz) April 23, 2018
The affidavit claimed the girls were tied up, drugged and raped before they were killed. It said the girls were strangled and their bodies were dumped into a pit, which may have been a mine shaft near Picher.
Multiple people told investigators that both Welch and Pennington dealt methamphetamine, according to the affidavit. One person reportedly told investigators that Pennington had said the girls had entered a room where Freeman’s parents were buying drugs on the night of the crime.
Another witness reportedly said that a conversation between Welch, Pennington and Busick had implied that the Freeman parents had been murdered over a debt. That witness said the suspects had also hinted that they had taken the two girls and eventually killed them, according to the affidavit.
The affidavit said an insurance card found near the scene connected to a car that investigators believed to be connected to a vehicle in Welch's possession helped them in the case.
It said that the suspects had threatened the lives of people who may have had information about the crimes.
Investigators said they still need people to come forward about where the girls' bodies may be. Anyone with information is urged to contact the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation at 1-800-522-8017 or via email at email@example.com.
Officials said a private reward of $50,000 still stands for information related to the location of the girls.