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Elwell: Lose sleep, gain hour of sunshine with Daylight Saving Time

Published: Thursday, March 08, 2018 @ 3:58 PM


            Countries that do not follow Daylight Saving Time. Gigaom.com
Countries that do not follow Daylight Saving Time. Gigaom.com

Love it or hate it, daylight saving time will begin this weekend. While it seems many do hate losing an hour of their weekend, just as many love the sun setting an hour later.

Many credit Benjamin Franklin as the “inventor” of daylight saving time, but he simply was proposing people wake up earlier and meant it as a joke.

So, we can likely blame an Englishman for modern daylight saving time. On an early-morning horseback ride around London in 1905, William Willett had a bright idea that the United Kingdom should move its clocks forward by 80 minutes between April and October so that more people could enjoy the longer daylight hours.

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The Englishman published a brochure in 1907 called “The Waste of Daylight” and devoted much of his time to try enact “summer time.” Willett suggested setting the clocks ahead 20 minutes on each of the 4 Sundays in April and switching them back by the same amount on each of the 4 Sundays in September, a total of 8 time switches per year.

The British Parliament declined, and Willett died in 1915 without ever seeing his idea implemented. Germany was the first country to begin the time change on May 1, 1916. Weeks later, the United Kingdom followed suit and introduced “summer time.”

As a wartime measure, America implemented the time change on March 31, 1918. Contrary to popular belief, American farmers were deeply opposed to the switch. Farmers found daylight saving time very disruptive.

Farmers had to wait an extra hour for dew to evaporate on harvest hay, and their hired hands still left at the same time. Cows also weren’t ready to be milked earlier to meet shipping schedules. In 1919, Congress voted to override President Woodrow Wilson’s veto and ended national Daylight Saving Time. It was urban entities such as retail outlets and recreational businesses that have long pushed for daylight saving over the decades, not rural interests.

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After the repeal in 1919, some states and cities continued to shift their clocks, which led to a lot of confusion. World War II saw national Daylight Saving Time resumed, but it ended again after the war and multiple time zones were adopted by local municipalities.

In 1963, Time magazine (ironically enough) published an article titled “A Chaos of Clocks.” By 1965 passengers on a 35-mile bus ride from Steubenville, Ohio, to Moundsville, West Virginia, passed through seven time changes.

By 1966, Congress realized something had to be done to undo the chaos, and the Uniform Time Act was enacted. This standardized Daylight Saving Time from the last Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October, although states still had the option of remaining on standard time year-round. In 2007, Daylight Saving Time was extended, by starting on the second Sunday of March and ending the first Sunday of November.

Still, not everyone follows Daylight Saving time. Hawaii and much of Arizona, along with the U.S. territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands stay on standard time year-round. Around the world, only around 70 countries observe daylight saving. Many countries near the equator, which are not impacted as much by seasonal changes in daylight hours, do not follow Daylight Saving Time.

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While it was thought DST would help reduce energy use, a U.S. Department of Transportation study in the 1970s concluded that total electricity savings was only about 1 percent in the spring and fall months. More recent studies have found that cost savings on lighting are more than offset by greater cooling expenses with air conditioning more common than decades ago.

University of California Santa Barbara economists calculated that Indiana’s move to statewide Daylight Saving Time in 2006 led to a 1-percent rise in residential electricity use through additional demand for air conditioning on summer evenings and heating in early spring and late fall mornings. Some also argue that increased recreational activity during DST results in greater gasoline consumption. A 2016 study found that the overall rate for stroke was 8 percent higher in the two days after DST. Cancer patients were 25 percent more likely to have a stroke during that time, and people older than 65 were 20 percent more likely to have a stroke, according to the study.

So, I must admit, doing all the research on Daylight Saving Time made me wonder if it is worth the cost of the disruption it causes. It seems to me that, just about the time we get use to it, it is time to change the clocks again. How do you feel? Do you love or hate Daylight Saving Time?

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Fatal motorcycle crash in Warren Co.

Published: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 3:58 PM
Updated: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 5:05 PM

Motorcycle ax

UPDATE @ 5:05 p.m:

The motorcycle crash that occurred earlier today was fatal, Warren County Coroner’s Office confirmed.

A 40-year-old was believed to be traveling northbound on Riley Street near Van Horne Street. He was possibly racing a vehicle before losing control, hitting a curb, and being thrown from his motorcycle--Sgt. Wolf of Franklin confirmed. He was also believed to be wearing a helmet.

The vehicle he was racing is unknown, and no one else was injured.

FIRST REPORT: 

Emergency crews are on scene of a reported accident involving a motorcycle and a truck in Franklin.

According to dispatchers, crews are at the scene of North Main Street at North River Street.

The crash reportedly occurred around 3:20 p.m.

We are on the way to the scene to learn more and will update this page as information becomes available.

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Miamisburg opened a time capsule from 1968 to celebrate its bicentennial. Here’s what was inside.

Published: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 11:46 AM

A report card from Sinclair Community College, an annual report for the Huffman bicycle company and a Bible with a bit of history were among the items discovered in a time capsule opened in Miamisburg on Saturday.

“Fifty years ago this time capsule was buried in Veterans Park with memorabilia from 1968,” the emcee announced to the crowd gathered at the beginning of the city’s weeklong bicentennial celebration.

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The white container, with “Miamisburg Area Sesquicentennial 1818 - 1968” on the side, was unsealed and broadcast live on the city’s Facebook page.

Many who watched the ceremony remembered the stores, barber shops and other establishments represented in the container that have long closed, such Mobley Cafe, Arcade Cafe and the Riviera Lounge.

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A letter to the mayor at the time from then-President Lyndon B. Johnson was included in the container.

An annual report for the Huffman Manufacturing Company states the company made more than $42 million in sales in 1967, netting $1.5 million.

Old newspapers provided a somber reminder of the Vietnam War. At the top of a Miamisburg News broadsheet was a report on the death of Cpl. William Ebright, who was killed in action.

A man told the crowd about the Bible that was pulled out of the time capsule. He said he was there when his mother placed the Bible in the container.

The Bible had been given to Mark Dennis before he was deployed to Vietnam, the man said.Dennis was also killed when a rocket-propelled grenade struck the helicopter he was riding in, and though his remains were never found the Bible was returned to the family, the man said.

READ THE EMOTIONAL STORY OF MARK DENNIS: Miamisburg man's death in Vietnam, questioned for decades, now has closure

More activities are planned today through next Sunday as the city celebrates its 200th birthday.

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One person taken to hospital after apartment fire in Dayton

Published: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 2:18 PM

One person was taken to an area hospital for smoke inhalation and one was treated at the scene of an apartment fire in Dayton Sunday.

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Crews were called to the first floor apartment fire in the 1600 block of Bancroft Street around 11:30 a.m.

No one was in the apartment where the fire started but the flames did run up to the outside of the second floor apartment, according to Dayton fire official Brad Baldwin.

Everyone evacuated the building with help from neighbors.

Two of the four apartments in the building are uninhabitable at this time because of damages, according to Baldwin.

The cause of the fire was not yet determined.

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Family displaced after house explosion in Miami Co.

Published: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 9:40 AM
Updated: Sunday, June 17, 2018 @ 2:40 PM

Gas leak house explosion in West Milton

UPDATE @ 2:40 p.m.:

A propane gas leak caused an explosion in the basement of a home in West Milton Sunday morning.

Larry Jinkins said he was asleep when the explosion happened in his home this morning.

Jinkins, his wife, five kids, and three dogs were in the home during the time of the explosion. 

He said the fire department told him they were very lucky they were not hurt. 

Jinkins rented the house that is now inhabitable and said they had a temporary line due to a former gas leak that needed to be put underground.

UPDATE @ 10:47 a.m.:

The family of five that were at the house during the time of an explosion were displaced and are being aided by the Northern Miami Valley Chapter of the American Red Cross.

FIRST REPORT:

An explosion occurred at or near a house in West Milton Sunday morning.

The explosion was reported around 8:20 a.m. in the 4000 block of Iddings Road.

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It’s not yet known what caused the explosion or the extent of damages, but DP&L was called to the scene, according to Deputy Adams of Miami County Sheriff’s Office.

Two adults and three children were at the home but not injured, said Adams.

West Milton Fire Department is on scene.

We are working to learn more and will update this story as information becomes available. 

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