Food: Kitchen essentials

Updated: Saturday, August 13, 2016 @ 1:47 AM
Published: Thursday, May 12, 2016 @ 9:59 PM
By: www.prod.cmgdefault.com

Leave salty favorites, sodas and alcohol off shopping list

When you’re hot, stressed and thirsty, certain foods are a bad idea; some speed up dehydration. Here are foods that should be a last resort for storm preparation:

Salty chips, salted nuts and snack foods: These add little nutrition, and your body is going to be stressed. They cause immediate thirst.

Crackers and peanut butter are convenient, but they’re salty and can cause extreme thirst. Peanut butter is a good source of protein, but it’s generally salty. Use it sparingly.

Candy: Most candy has high sugar levels, which contributes to thirst.

Sodas: Your body needs liquids, more in extreme heat and humidity. Better choices are vegetable and fruit juices that can supply needed vitamins.

One caveat: Fruit juices should be given sparingly to infants — they can cause diarrhea, leading to serious dehydration.

Moderate your intake of sports drinks, which have extra sodium.

Alcohol: Don’t run for a cold one. In a situation with downed power lines, broken glass and flooding, wait to celebrate the storm’s end when things have settled down.

Essential foods to make meals palatable

Boiling water will be a best method for cooking with many of these items; remember to use clean water.

1. Couscous and five-minute rice. Pour boiling water over these packages, cover, and let stand.

2. Salsa, chunky pasta sauce

3. Ramen noodles. Pour boiling water over them and voilà!

4. Shelf-stable bacon, hard sausages. Make BLT’s, add to baked beans, bean salad. Keep in cooler once opened.

5. Single-serve condiments (individual packets of mayonnaise, mustard, ketchup and relish)

6. Pouches of cooked tuna, salmon and chicken. Grill chicken or fish fillets briefly for a “real” meal.

7. Shelf-stable milk. Add to canned soup and heat it up on the grill for substance. Put it in coffee, use it for cereal or make chocolate milk for kids.

8. Shelf-stable cheese. Processed cheese (Velveeta) and sliced cheeses made with oil are shelf-stable.

9. Canned potatoes, canned beans and veggies.

10. Individual puddings, fruit cups

How to pack up your kitchen

Must-haves for before a storm and for keeping foods safe afterward.

Heavy-duty plastic bags: “Contractor bags” are the strongest ones out there, and are available at home warehouse stores and Publix. These hold sticks and bricks without tearing; good for packing boxes of food, countertop appliances, and things with sharp corners. They come in 30- and 50-gallon sizes. (They can be slit apart and used as thick plastic tarps for countertops or protecting big items.)

Permanent markers: Use them to label jars and cans that might lose their labels in high humidity or floods. Write contents of cans on their bottoms or tops and date them; label plastic bags or bins to identify items packed within.

Food-sized storage bags or containers: Empty all open packages of foods into these airtight bags or bins to keep them fresh.

Extra water jugs: Preferably 2.5 gallons or larger. Buy the biggest size your freezer will hold.

Heavy-duty plastic garbage cans with lids: Can be used for water storage, packing foods, packing valuables — or storing trash.

Extra coolers: Buy metal ones with foam/plastic inserts for maximum cooling (see ship’s stores or online sources). Buy large Igloo-type coolers that can stack and are on wheels. Buy foam ones to have on hand, but note these are not meant for long-term ice storage. Consider investing in a small cooler that plugs into the cigarette lighter of the car, or a mini-fridge to plug into a generator.

Waterproof storage bins: Flooding during a storm can be more of a problem than winds. Packing everything in plastic, waterproof bins can save the items. For already opened foods, use bins with airtight seals. Use large, clean garbage cans for additional storage.

Preparing for flood conditions

When the kitchen floods, even canned foods can be compromised; those in boxes or cellophane surely are. To prepare your kitchen for flooding:
  • Pack as many loose foods as possible into plastic, airtight containers. Label with permanent marker. Pack sealed foods in watertight storage bins or heavy trash bags. (Do not use cardboard boxes for packing.)
  • All opened jars and cans (examples: spices, coffee, popcorn, peanut butter) should be packed in heavy-duty plastic bags, or plastic waterproof storage bins; label them, then pack into larger storage tubs.
  • Clean out under-counter cabinets, including cookware and everything that can rust or be damaged by water.
  • Unplug all appliances that aren’t essential. Pack in plastic bins and wrap boxes with plastic sheets or bags.
  • Use a permanent marker to write the contents of cans on their tops or bottoms in case labels are lost.
    Emergency travel bin
  • Matches, adapter for car that converts plug-in devices to operate from the car cigarette lighter
  • Sterno, or canned heat source
  • Small saucepan
  • Tea kettle
  • Metal utensils
  • Can, bottle openers
  • Paper plates, cups, towels, disposable utensils
  • Wet-wipes
  • Condiment packets
  • Instant coffee, tea bags
  • Individual drink mix packs
  • Shelf-stable milk, juices
  • Canned foods
  • Ramen noodles, couscous, instant rice
  • Salsa or pasta sauce
  • Foil packets of tuna, salmon or chicken
  • Bottled water
  • Baby food
  • Pet food
  • Atlantic hurricane names

    Updated: Sunday, August 28, 2016 @ 4:27 PM
    Published: Thursday, May 19, 2016 @ 4:59 PM
    By: www.prod.cmgdefault.com



    When the the winds from these storms reach 39 mph (34 kts), the cyclones are given names. Years ago, an international committee developed names for Atlantic cyclones. In 1979 a six year rotating list of Atlantic storm names was adopted — alternating between male and female hurricane names. Storm names are used to facilitate geographic referencing, for warning services, for legal issues, and to reduce confusion when two or more tropical cyclones occur at the same time. Through a vote of the World Meteorological Organization Region IV Subcommittee, Atlantic cyclone names are retired usually when hurricanes result in substantial damage or death or for other special circumstances. The names assigned for the period between 2016 and 2020 are shown below.
    Names for Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclones

    20162017201820192020

    Alex
    Bonnie
    Colin
    Danielle
    Earl
    Fiona
    Gaston
    Hermine
    Ian
    Julia
    Karl
    Lisa
    Matthew
    Nicole
    Otto
    Paula
    Richard
    Shary
    Tobias
    Virginie
    Walter
    Arlene
    Bret
    Cindy
    Don
    Emily
    Franklin
    Gert
    Harvey
    Irma
    Jose
    Katia
    Lee
    Maria
    Nate
    Ophelia
    Philippe
    Rina
    Sean
    Tammy
    Vince
    Whitney
    Alberto
    Beryl
    Chris
    Debby
    Ernesto
    Florence
    Gordon
    Helene
    Isaac
    Joyce
    Kirk
    Leslie
    Michael
    Nadine
    Oscar
    Patty
    Rafael
    Sara
    Tony
    Valerie
    William
    Andrea
    Barry
    Chantal
    Dorian
    Erin
    Fernand
    Gabrielle
    Humberto
    Imelda
    Jerry
    Karen
    Lorenzo
    Melissa
    Nestor
    Olga
    Pablo
    Rebekah
    Sebastien
    Tanya
    Van
    Wendy
    Arthur
    Bertha
    Cristobal
    Dolly
    Edouard
    Fay
    Gonzalo
    Hanna
    Isaias
    Josephine
    Kyle
    Laura
    Marco
    Nana
    Omar
    Paulette
    Rene
    Sally
    Teddy
    Vicky
    Wilfred

    Storm prep checklist for outside the home

    Updated: Saturday, August 13, 2016 @ 1:53 AM
    Published: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 @ 2:53 PM
    By: www.prod.cmgdefault.com

    
            Storm prep checklist for outside the home
    Get Ahead of the Storm - 5 Severe Weather Hacks

    WHEN THE STORM THREATENS:

    Refill special medications.

    Get cash (ATMs may not work for days after). Don’t charge credit cards to the limit; you might need extra cash after the storm.

    Get supplies. Follow instructions in this guide for food and water.

    Don’t fill gasoline cans until right before the storm; they are a fire hazard.

    Fill vehicle fuel tank. Gas stations could run out and some will not have power to run pumps. Check your car’s battery, water, oil. Make sure you have a spare tire and buy aerosol kits that fix and inflate flats.

    Check fire extinguishers.

    If you own a boat, make necessary preparations.

    Prepare your pool. Don’t drain it.

    If you own a plane, have it flown out or secured.

    WHEN THE STORM IS APPROACHING:

    Get shutters, storm panels or plywood in place on windows. If you haven’t installed sockets, attach with wood screws; they’re better than nails and do less damage.

    Don’t tape windows; tape can create daggers of glass and in the heat can later bake onto panes.

    Remove swings and tarps from swing sets. Tie down anything you can’t bring in. Check for loose rain gutters, moldings.

    Move grills, patio furniture and potted plants into your house or garage.

    If you do any last-minute pruning, take clippings inside so they don’t become hazards in the wind.

    Disconnect and remove satellite dish or antenna from your roof.

    Check your mailbox. If it’s loose, secure or remove it.

    Remove roof turbines and cap holes with screw-on caps. Unsecured turbines can fly off and create a large hole for rain to pour through.

    Prepare patio screening. It usually is built to sustain tropical-force winds, but with higher winds, it can separate from the frame. Officials recommend you remove a 6-foot panel on each side to let wind pass through. Pull out the tubing that holds screening in frame to remove screen.

    Secure and brace external doors, especially the garage door and double doors.

    Move vehicles out of flood-prone areas and into garages if possible. If not, park cars away from trees and close to homes or buildings.

    Don’t turn off your natural gas at the main meter. Only emergency or utility people should do that.

    Shutters and window coverings

    Updated: Saturday, August 13, 2016 @ 1:53 AM
    Published: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 @ 4:12 PM
    By: www.prod.cmgdefault.com

    Shutters and window coverings

    Shutters require regular maintenance

    Do a trial run now to make sure your shutter system is functioning properly.

    If you have removable panels, get them out to see if any are missing or bent.

    Make sure you have enough mounting fasteners. If not, hardware stores often carry extras. Make sure mounting tracks are clean and debris-free.

    Apply some light machine oil to lubricate parts and deter rust.

    Permanently applied shutter systems, such as roll-up, Bahama or accordion shutters should be serviced yearly (twice yearly, if you live on the beach) by a professional, especially if the system is motorized. If rollers are accessible, they can be sprayed with aerosol “white grease,” according to Bill Feeley, president of the International
    Hurricane Protection Association. All motors should be professionally serviced.

    Owners of newly built homes with shutter systems should make sure their builder demonstrates how to use the system and that all parts are provided before moving in. Missing or wrong-sized components are common, according to Feeley. “The homeowner assumes they fit and then when the storm is bearing down, they find out they don’t,” he said.

    — Barbara Marshall

    Contact numbers

    International Hurricane Protection Association: (844)516-4472, www.inthpa.com

    American Shutter Systems Association: 800-432-2204, www.amshutter.org

     

    Least expensive option: Plywood

    Shutter orders and backlogs rise near the height of storm season. So the time to choose your coverings, if you haven’t already, is now. The least expensive option is plywood.

    Plywood does not meet Florida Building Code specifications unless it’s installed according to code.

    To ensure code compliance, you’ll need a permit from your local building department.

    However, if a storm is close and survival is the goal, follow instructions in the accompanying graphic for correct installation.

    What’s the best roof?

    Updated: Saturday, August 13, 2016 @ 1:53 AM
    Published: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 @ 4:28 PM
    By: www.prod.cmgdefault.com

    Age and improper installation caused most roof failures in the 2004 and 2005 hurricanes.

    Which kinds survived?
  • Metal roofs had the fewest problems, followed by tiles applied with concrete or foam adhesive.
  • Nailed-on tiles didn’t fare as well.
  • Shingle roofs came off in the thousands.

    When was your roof installed? Roofs installed after the mid-1990s, when building codes began to change statewide after Hurricane Andrew, survived better than those installed earlier.

    Shingle roofs

    How old is your shingle roof? Shingles become brittle and lose adhesion in the Florida sun after about 12 years even if they were properly installed. Has your shingle roof been re-roofed on top of old shingles? If so, beware. Large segments of those newer layers flew off in the high winds.

    Tile roofs

    How was your roof tile applied? Tiles applied with only concrete or foam adhesive fared better than nailed-on or screwed-on tiles, which can begin leaking after seven to 10 years. As with shingles, age affects performance.

    Flat roofs

    How many layers or ‘plys’ make up your flat roof? A three- or four-ply interlining (under the roof coating) is generally better than two. Expect a multi-layered flat roof to last 15 to 18 years.

    Metal roofs

    Is your metal roof properly attached? Metal roofs are the most expensive but also proved to be the most hurricane-resistant.

    If the roofers used the correct attachment method, either screws or clips, the wind will have a difficult time getting underneath metal roof panels.

    Sealants

    Do roof sealants and coatings help protect roofs from high winds? “I don’t recommend them,” says Joe Byrne, a roofing industry consultant and owner of Byrne Roofing in West Palm Beach, who says sealants can make shingles more brittle, affecting adhesion.

    Where to verify a roofer’s valid license:
  • State licenses: www.myflorida.com
  • Palm Beach County: (561) 233-5525, www.pbcgov.com/pzb
  • Martin County: (772) 288-5482
  • St. Lucie County: (772) 462-1672 or (772) 462-1673
  • Okeechobee: (863) 763-5548
  • Price-gouging hot line: (866) 966-7226
  • Report unlicensed contractors at (866) 532-1440
    — Barbara Marshall