Ultrasounds in first trimester may contribute to autism severity, study suggests

Published: Friday, September 02, 2016 @ 6:47 PM
Updated: Friday, September 02, 2016 @ 6:47 PM


            (Photo by Ian Waldie/Getty Images)
(Photo by Ian Waldie/Getty Images)

A recently published study conducted by researchers in Seattle suggests that an ultrasound may contribute to autism severity.  

University of Washington and Seattle Children’s Research Institute explored a hypothesis into the possible relationship between the severity of autism spectrum disorder and ultrasound exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy in fetuses with a genetic predisposition to autism spectrum disorder.

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"While subject to routine clinical practice and generally considered safe, there exists speculation, though no human data, that diagnostic ultrasound may also contribute to ASD severity, supported by experimental evidence that exposure to ultrasound early in gestation could perturb brain development and alter behavior," the study abstract states.

"We found that male children with ASD, copy number variations (CNVs), and exposure to first trimester ultrasound had significantly decreased non-verbal IQ and increased repetitive behaviors relative to male children with ASD, with CNVs, and no ultrasound," the study said.

The data suggest that changes in ASD symptoms may result from exposure to diagnostic ultrasound during early prenatal development of children with specific genetic vulnerabilities.

The study, published in medical journal Autism Research, says it used no human data. Researchers used retrospective analysis of data from Simon's Simplex Collection autism genetic repository, which contains samples from families with a child affected by ASD.

"There has been a real struggle in figuring out why there are so many kids with autism," lead author Sara Webb, UW professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, said in a news release. "Where does this disorder develop from and how do kids get autism? And a second question is, why are kids with autism so different from each other?"

As a mother of two, Webb said given what she knows now, she would not have an ultrasound in the first trimester unless there is a medical necessity.
 
The study’s results relate to the first trimester of pregnancy; data from looking at the effect of ultrasound on the second and third trimester showed no link.
 
FDA guidelines recommend that diagnostic ultrasound be used only for medical necessity.
 
Corresponding author, Pierre D. Mourad, a UW professor of neurological surgery, believes the implications of the results are to bolster the FDA guidelines.

Hurricane Maria: Live updates

Published: Wednesday, September 20, 2017 @ 12:00 AM
Updated: Wednesday, September 20, 2017 @ 1:12 AM

VIDEO: Hurricanes Jose and Maria From Space

Hurricane Maria is bearing down on the Caribbean and is set to pass over much the same area devastated by Hurricane Irma nearly two weeks ago.

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Doctor realizes she's going into labor after delivering patient's baby

Published: Tuesday, September 19, 2017 @ 11:47 PM

(Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
Sean Gallup/Getty Images
(Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)(Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

In the early morning hours of July 28, Dr. Emily Jacobs noticed that her own water had broken just after delivering a third baby during her shift -- taking her from the role of doctor to patient.

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"I noticed what I thought was amniotic fluid of the patient as the baby was delivering. It wasn't until I left the room when I realized that it was my water that had broken,"  Jacobs told ABC News.

Jacobs described the shock to the Iowa City Press-Citizen:

“It’s funny how fast you go from being a doctor to a patient — and you’re freaking out. One minute you are in control, and then the next, you’re not.”

Ryan, Emily’s husband, got the call around 4:45 a.m. and joined her at the hospital.

Hours later, The Jacobses welcomed  their new son, Jett Jacobs.

Read more at the Iowa City Press-Citizen here.

These are the 'Most Dangerous' celebrities on the internet, according to a new survey

Published: Tuesday, September 19, 2017 @ 11:22 PM

INGLEWOOD, CA - AUGUST 27:  Katy Perry arrives at the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards (Photo by Gregg DeGuire/Getty Images)
Gregg DeGuire/Getty Images
INGLEWOOD, CA - AUGUST 27: Katy Perry arrives at the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards (Photo by Gregg DeGuire/Getty Images)(Gregg DeGuire/Getty Images)

What do Avril Lavigne, Bruno Mars, Beyonce, Sean “P. Diddy” Combs and Katy Perry have in common? Besides fame, that is?

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They’re “dangerous” online — at least according to McAfee, the cybersecurity company, who tracks and ranks celebrities based on the search results for their name. Using Google, Bing and Yahoo search results, the company checks how many sites list results for individual celebrities and how many of those sites are likely to infect your computer.

Celebrity news, the company says, is a common front for sites planning on installing malware or otherwise compromising your computer and/or information. McAfee has ranked celebrities this way since 2008; the first celebrity to hold the title of “most dangerous” was Brad Pitt.

This year, the top of the list is Canadian pop princess Avril Lavigne, according to the new rankings. Over 14 percent of pages with her name on it also contain a threat of some sort; that number comes closer to 25 percent when “free mp3” is added to the search.

Bruno Mars and Carly Rae Jepsen are No. 2 and No. 3, followed by Zayn Malik, Celine Dion, Calvin Harris, Justin Beiber, Sean Combs, Katy Perry and Beyonce.

Mother speaks out after her children are barred from school after principal denies their residency

Published: Tuesday, September 19, 2017 @ 11:13 PM

Mother Erica Smith says her children have missed multiple days of school after its principal denied their residency.
Fox13Memphis.com
Mother Erica Smith says her children have missed multiple days of school after its principal denied their residency.(Fox13Memphis.com)

Four children have been barred from a Memphis, Tennessee, school after its principal denies their residency.

For nearly two weeks, Erica Smith, the mother of those children, says she has fought to get them re-enrolled in Snowden School since they were barred from attending by Principal Jamie Stallsmith Sept. 8.

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Over a week later, Smith is facing a subpoena from Shelby County sheriff for truancy. Smith said she has tried to prove to Shelby County Schools that she does live in the district.

“People sleep outside for a chance to get their kids to go to an optional school, and you mean to tell me that I stay in the district and I’m allowed to get them in optional school for free? If you don't think I want that opportunity? Of course I do,” Smith said.

An optional school has specialized learning focuses that range from college prep, international studies, international baccalaureate, creative and performing arts, health science and others, according to the Shelby County Schools website.

Smith found out her children had been kicked out of Snowden School weeks ago.

“Originally, my children were kicked out of school due to a residency issue,” Smith said. “The principal was stating that we were not staying where I told them that we stayed.”

After she met all of the requirements for proof of residency, her kids were still not allowed back into school. Then Smith said she was told by Stallsmith that her 6-year-old had a behavioral issue. She agrees he does, but he has never been violent.

“He hasn’t hit anybody or put his hands on anybody.”

Shelby County School District responded to the issue in an email to Smith.

“It has come to our attention that school leaders spoke with the family earlier today and the students will be allowed to attend Snowden,” the email said. 

Smith said she believes there seems to be a disconnect between the school district and Stallsmith.

Smith said she took her children to school, but the principal had them leave.

“She puts us out of the school telling us that she wants to talk to them before she re-enrolled us, and then she prolongs it another day,” Smith said. “Yesterday she threatened to call the police if I didn't get off the property.”

Smith said she plans on taking her children back to Snowden School on Wednesday morning to re-enroll them.