Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders

Published: Thursday, September 14, 2017 @ 8:01 AM

Everyone knows how important sleep is, especially after a long night of tossing and turning. What you may not know is that lack of sleep can be damaging to your health over time. If you’re suffering from one of several sleep disorders, it can have a significant effect on your overall health and quality of life. The American Psychiatric Association detailed some of the effects of not getting enough sleep, including irritability, mood changes, disinhibition and fatigue. Continuing to go without sleep can worsen these symptoms. Click here to learn more about sleep disorders and what to look for.

How your generosity can help the underserved in the Dayton area

Published: Friday, November 24, 2017 @ 12:00 AM

What one organization provides career counseling, job training and placement services for teens and adults with disabilities, individuals who are homeless, veterans and ex-offenders returning to the community? 

What one organization also provides free car safety seats for children in low-income families and free medical equipment to anyone in the community? 

And what one organization provides day services for seniors and adults who are unable to remain at home without assistance?

The answer is Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley (GESMV). 

>>> RELATED: Program connects Miami Valley veterans with civilian jobs

In 2016, GESMV provided more than 40 specialized services to more than 17,421 children and adults in 23 west-central Ohio counties. GESMV is the only local agency that serves people with such a broad range of disabilities and disadvantages, across the entire age spectrum.

“We believe all people want to support themselves, do as much for themselves as they possibly can and have choices to make their own decisions,” said Lance Detrick, president and CEO of GESMV. “We believe our role is to provide tools and supports that create opportunities for people to achieve their goals, no matter what their circumstances.”

Steve Perkins

Circumstances for some can feel bleak and hopeless. That’s how Steve Perkins and his wife, Gerri, felt when Steve developed medication-induced Parkinson’s and went from his active lifestyle as a bowling champion to being unable to walk. Watch how Steve and Gerri find hope with the help of GESMV. 

Like most charitable and nonprofit organizations this time of year, GESMV is reminding the community that this great work cannot continue for local neighbors in the Miami Valley without the generous support of people just like you. 

But what makes GESMV different? And when you have so many opportunities to do good in your local community, why should you choose GESMV?

“We serve thousands of people who fall through the vast cracks between government and social service systems,” said Detrick. “They make enough money to survive, and therefore don’t qualify for services. But there’s a big difference between surviving and thriving.” 

>>> RELATED: Local high schools Drive to Victory in support of Goodwill

GESMV strives to be the go-to resource to help solve issues in the community while helping every person in need of support to reach their full potential and achieve success -- a success that is different for each individual.  

Consider the person with severe vision loss who can no longer read the newspaper. Now, with a special receiver, that person can hear local periodicals read daily by GESMV volunteers and stay connected to his or her community with ease.  

GESMV also regularly helps adults with physical limitations or disabilities who have never worked obtain their first paycheck. 

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2016, the employment rate for persons with disabilities was only 17.9 percent, leaving a big gap to fill.

“Two-thirds of people with disabilities who are of working age want to work, and that’s over 9,300 individuals in our territory who are looking for work,” Detrick said. “With our expertise and commitment to helping people improve their quality of life or attain self-sufficiency, we can be relied upon to help transform lives.”

Mikia Black

Transforming the lives of people just like Mikia Black. After a horrible accident and 32 days in a coma, Black faced months of recovery and rehab. When she was ready to work, GESMV was there to help her see beyond her physical challenges and permanent disabilities and find a job that allows her to support herself and her children. Be inspired by Mikia’s story

When you make a charitable contribution to GESMV, nearly 85 percent of your gift has a direct impact on services for people with disabilities and disadvantages who might otherwise fall through the cracks.  

According to the Better Business Bureau Wise Giving Alliance, charities should spend at least 65 percent of total expenses on charitable programs. GESMV exceeds this standard by almost 20 percentage points.  

On Tuesday, Nov. 28, Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley invites you to join the global giving movement, Giving Tuesday. Help others with the gift of your time, talents, and treasures. When you give securely onlineshop or donate at any one of the local stores or donation centers, or volunteer your time, Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley can serve the underserved. 

Whaley wants police to be ‘aggressive,’ cite panhandlers who break laws

Published: Friday, November 24, 2017 @ 10:53 AM


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Panhandling is protected free speech, but Dayton leaders want police to be “very aggressive” to cite panhandlers who violate the city’s ordinances.

Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley said panhandlers constantly break the law by illegally entering the right-of-way to collect cash from motorists.

“They get in the road every time — it’s dangerous, it’s not good for our quality of life and it needs to be enforced,” she said.

RELATED: Reporter | 7 things I learned hanging out with Dayton panhandlers

The city passed ordinances last year prohibiting “distribution” in the right-of-way to try to replace its anti-panhandling laws, which it rescinded for likely being unconstitutional.

Whaley recently instructed police Chief Richard Biehl and police command staff to prioritize enforcement of the city’s distribution laws and crackdown on panhandlers who violate the city’s ordinances. She said panhandling harms citizens’ quality of life and said police must do everything they can within the law to discourage the activity.

18-year-old pedestrian killed in Warren County; driver thought he hit a deer

Published: Friday, November 24, 2017 @ 12:41 AM
Updated: Friday, November 24, 2017 @ 10:42 AM

SCENE: Warren County hit-and-run

UPDATE, 10:28 a.m.: State troopers are trying to determine what caused the fatal hit-and-run crash Thursday night in Warren County that claimed the life of 18-year-old Skyler P. Ludington of Shelby County.  

The driver suspected in the crash, Robert C. Pietrantonio, 55, was found at his home nearby off Yankee Road in Washington Twp., Sgt.James Sparkman of the Ohio Highway Patrol said this morning.  

“He thought he hit a deer and continued on,” Sparkman said. “He didn’t go very far.”  

MORE: Dayton icon Jerry Gillotti, Gilly’s nightclub owner, dies

Investigators are working to determine if alcohol was a factor in the accident, seeking results of blood-alcohol tests for Pietrantonio.  

They also are seeking to determine whether Ludington, who was walking near his father’s home on Sycamore Trails Drive in Springboro, was in the road when he was hit on Lytle-Five Points Road, just west of the intersection at Bunnell Hill Road in Clearcreek Twp.  

Ludington lived in the Botkins area in Shelby County but reportedly was visiting his father. He was pronounced dead at the scene.  

His father came to the scene soon after the crash.  

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Toxicology tests on Ludington were also pending, although there was no evidence he was under the influence of any controlled substances, according to Doyle Burke, chief investigator for the Warren county Coroner’s Office.  

Pietrantonio, who was uninjured, called 911 to report apparently hitting a deer, but hung up. He was tracked through a combination of information, including his phone number and GPS coordinates sent to the communications center in Lebanon after the airbag on his 2015 Ford F-150 deployed, according to Sparkman.  

Several witnesses reportedly saw the crash, but it remained unclear if when he was hit, Ludington was in the road, within a narrow section of berm just east or on a wider section where his body was found Road about 10:40 p.m. Thursday nearly three driveways west of the intersection on the north side of Lytle-Five Points.  

OTHER LOCAL NEWS: Male found dead in SUV sitting idle in the street

Accident reconstruction is also expected to help determine if Pietrantonio was speeding at the time of the accident.  

“We’re trying to rule out all factors,” Sparkman added.  No charges have been filed. Troopers are expected to present the case directly to the Warren County prosecutor’s Office.

UPDATE @ 5:47 a.m: 18-year-old Skyler P. Ludington of Botkins, Ohio, was the victim in a fatal pedestrian strike that occurred in Warren County Thursday night, according to a release.

A preliminary investigation revealed that Robert C. Pietrantonio, 55, of Dayton was the driver of a 2015 Ford F-150 that struck Ludington around 11:40 p.m.

Pietrantonio was traveling west on W. Lytle-Five Points Road when he struck Ludington who was walking westbound on W. Lytle-Five Points road, according to the report. Pietrantonio left the scene of the crash, but was later located at his residence in Washington Twp., along with the vehicle believed to be involved in the crash.

The crash remains under investigation by the Lebanon post of the Ohio State Highway Patrol, but alcohol is being considered a potential factor in the crash. 

UPDATE @ 1:30 a.m: An 18-year-old male is the victim in a fatal pedestrian strike that occurred in Warren County late Thursday night, according to officials. 

The incident occurred on Yankee Road at Lytle-Five Points Road around 11 p.m.

Warren County Sheriff’s deputies continue to investigate the incident.

We’re working to learn the identity of the 18-year-old. 

INITIAL REPORT

Warren County sheriff's deputies have located a white pickup truck they believe was involved in a fatal pedestrian strike late Thanksgiving Night. 

We're hearing that the accident occurred in northern Warren County and a white Ford F150 was driven from the scene headed north on Yankee Street. 

The pedestrian strike reportedly occurred sometime around 11 p.m. 

Deputies located the pickup truck just after 11:30 p.m. at a residence on Redsunset Drive, off Yankee Street in Washington Twp.

We have a crew on scene, waiting to speak with one of the officers. 

We will update this developing report as we get information. 

Stay with whio.com for breaking news. 

Got a tip? Call our monitored 24-hour line, 937-259-2237, or send it to newsdesk@cmgohio.com

Air Force facing growing crisis in pilot shortage

Published: Friday, November 24, 2017 @ 9:38 AM

Could dual-track pilot careers save Air Force pilots?

Faced with multiple deployments overseas and an airline industry on a hiring binge, fewer Air Force pilots are staying and have created a growing crisis for the nation’s air power.

The Air Force says it’s about 2,000 pilots short – out of a total force of about 23,000 — of the number it needs to carry out the United State’s security demands.

The service branch significantly pumped up aviation bonuses and promised pilots a reduction in administrative tasks not related to flying, but the numbers keep decreasing and have left Air Force leaders scrambling.

Commercial airlines, facing their own aviator shortages as aging pilots retire and the demand for air travel rises, have snatched some of the nation’s most seasoned military aviators into flying Boeing 767s instead of F-15s.

The “greatest problem” is within the ranks of fighter pilots — the Air Force says its short about 1,300 on active duty, in the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve, said Air Force spokeswoman Erika Yepsen.

The “greatest negative trends” between 2016 and 2017 surfaced in the bomber and mobility pilots ranks, she added. The Air Force did not immediately release shortfall numbers in those categories.

The shortage of pilots flying manned aircraft has reached about 1,800 while the remaining shortfall of 200 or so fly drones, according to Yepsen.

EXCLUSIVE: Top Air Force general says ‘all programs are at risk’

‘Burning out our people’

Kenneth E. Curell, 65, a former Air Force and Air National Guard fighter pilot who became an airline and corporate jet pilot, said he’s mentoring military aviators who face the dilemma of staying in or leaving.

“In my conversations with them, I ask what is the squadron environment and without fail their basic statement is everybody except a very few are considering walking out,” the Centerville resident and retired colonel said.

While Air Force pilot shortages have come and gone in cyclical waves, the impact is greater now because the force is smaller, Curell said.

Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson blamed one key reason for the growing loss of experienced airmen: “We’re burning out our people because we’re too small for what the nation is asking,” she told reporters this month.

RELATED: Air Force pilot shortage growing, top leaders say

An airline push to hire military pilots has impacted the only flying unit at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, a commander says. The Air Force Reserve 445th Airlift Wing flies nine C-17 Globemaster III aircraft on troop and cargo missions around the globe.

The reserve unit has a shortfall of the full-time C-17 pilots it needs, according to Lt. Col. John F. Robinson, 445th Operations Group commander and a pilot. The wing, a mixture of full-time pilots — known as air reserve technicians — and traditional reservists, is authorized for 83 aviators, said spokeswoman Lt. Col. Cynthia Harris.

The unit is short 14 full-time pilots of the 36 authorized. On the reservist side, the wing has 55 part-time pilots, eight more than authorized, she said. Overall, it’s six pilots short of what’s allowed.

The shortage has had an impact on operations, Robinson said, adding fighter and tanker units were having a harder time filling cockpits.

President Donald Trump signed an executive order allowing the Air Force to recall up to 1,000 retired pilots, but service branch officials said they did not intend to use the authority for now.

RELATED: Ohio leaders say funding will help protect Wright Patt

However, the Air Force will allow up to 100 senior fighter pilots and weapon systems officers at 10 bases to stay at their current assignments three years longer than their initial tour of duty, Yepsen said.

The Air Force has targeted ramping up the production of pilots from 1,200 a year today to 1,400 by 2019, according to spokesman Capt. Kenneth Scholz.

“Our long-term fix for the pilot crisis is to grow our way out of this,” Brig. Gen. Mike Koscheski, leader of the Aircrew Crisis Task Force, told reporters at the Pentagon last month. “And so, it’s going to take a while to get in place what we need to start producing more pilots.”

The one-star general called for more “stable and predictable budgets” to boost pilot production about 25 percent.

Top Pentagon leaders have pleaded with Congress to end sequestration – or a decade of mandatory spending caps under the Budget Control Act of 2011. Military and congressional leaders have blamed it for readiness woes, delays to launch aircraft programs, and contributed to an exodus of pilots leaving, among other fallout.

RELATED: House defense leader at Wright Patt, says Air Force pilot shortage growing

The pilot shortage has gained the attention of Congress.

U.S. Rep. Mac Thornberry, R-Texas and chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said the Air Force has been “hemorrhaging pilots.”

“This is an example where cutting the defense budget by 20 percent since 2010 has real consequences,” he said in an October visit to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, adding the service branch was short “thousands” of aircraft maintainers.

U.S. Rep. Mike Turner, R-Dayton, blamed sequestration, “that’s pretty much cut a hole in our defense spending” that led to the manpower shortfall.

‘A tougher challenge’

Former Air Force pilots say too few aviators to fill cockpits is a cyclical problem they witnessed when they flew military jets decades ago.

“Unfortunately for the Air Force, they can’t, like the airlines, just go out and hire someone to come and be an F-35 pilot,” said William “Jay” Jabour, a prior Air Force fighter and test pilot and a retired vice commander of the former Aeronautical Systems Center at Wright-Patterson.

“The Air Force really has a tougher challenge at bringing people in at what I call the mid-career levels whereas the airlines don’t have any challenge to do that,” the 66-year-old Beavercreek resident said. “…It’s just so much harder to bring people on because of the training requirements.”

It’s costly and takes time for the military to produce pilots. Becoming a jet pilot may take a minimum of two years for an aviator to earn his or her wings. Training a pilot to fly the latest generation F-35 stealth fighter costs taxpayers about $1.1 million, the Air Force said.

The military branch has offered bonuses of $28,000 to $35,000 a year that vary with each aviation community, capping the highest incentives to fighter pilots who can earn a $455,000 bonus if they stay another 13 years. 

RELATED: The Air Force could arm fighter jets with future lasers

In some key jobs, prior incentives have not been enough. The “take rate” or the number of Air Force fighter pilots who took a signing bonus for at least a five-year extension dropped 4.9 percent between fiscal years 2016 and 2017. Overall, 34.6 percent of eligible fighter pilots took the incentive last fiscal year compared to 39.5 percent in 2016, data shows.

An exodus to the airlines

Many aviators complete their initial service requirements at or near the mid-point of their careers, a prime time for the airlines to hire them, experts said.

“There is currently a problem with retaining Air Force pilots after they have finished their active duty service requirement specifically because there has been a large increase in compensation offered at the major airlines over the past five years or so,” said Michael Mattock, a RAND Corp. senior economist who studied the issue and issued reports on findings.

Nationwide, the pilot shortage has hit the commercial world. A University of North Dakota study forecast major air carriers will need to hire more than 18,600 pilots by 2020 and within a decade the cumulative demand will be near 50,000 pilots, according to the Regional Airline Association.

In 2016, the major airlines and regional carriers who are members of the trade group Airlines for America employed roughly 88,000 pilots, according to the organization.

“Although our members are currently meeting their pilot hiring goals, most of their new hire pilots come from either the military or regional airlines, both of which are dealing with shortages of pilots,” Airlines for America spokesman Todd Burke said in an email.

Military aviators have become more prized because they’re likely to meet the standard of 1,500 hours in the cockpit to be hired as an airline co-pilot – a federal requirement that makes it difficult for civilian aviators to reach on their own.

Robinson said the C-17 pilots who stay at Wright-Patt have more control over their schedule than an airline pilot and aviators welcome the camaraderie that doesn’t exist at the airlines.

MILITARY NEWS: Some of U.S.’s most secretive work will be done in new NASIC building

‘A complex problem’

The Air Force faces a complex problem with pilot retention, Curell said.

The high tempo of deployments over more than 25 years has contributed to the exodus, he said. Air Force pilots live a round-the-clock lifestyle with long work days and administrative work unrelated to flying, he said.

“Most (airline) pilots are not expected to work 24-7 for their pay,” he said. “You fly the flights you are asked to fly and the time you have out of the cockpit is your time.”

“I think if you’re a family guy and you’re getting a lot of deployments, that might incentivize some folks to move out of the Air Force and into another flying job,” Jabour said.

Major airlines offer more pay in a shorter time than the military can match dollar for dollar, Curell said. And while the Defense Department has not lowered pilot selection requirements, fewer people qualify to meet the military’s rigorous standards, he said.

The Air Force career track for officers that takes aviators out of the cockpit for additional education and on to staff positions rather than flying was a key reason he said he left active duty.

He rose through the ranks as an enlisted aircraft maintainer and later as an administrative officer before he landed his first job in the cockpit.

He decided he wanted to keep flying. “I worked too doggone hard to get here,” he said.

By contrast, he noted, other countries have a dual-track system where an aviator can choose to remain flying or continue on a leadership track that would take them out of the cockpit and on to higher-ranking posts.

Once he left the Air Force, Curell did double duty flying jetliners for American Airlines and flying the F-16 Fighting Falcon in the Indiana Air National Guard.

But that, too, had challenges. He was away from home an average of 25 days out of the month meeting the demands of both jobs, he said.

“That’s 25 days out of your life and if you have family and children you get to the point where your kids are looking at you like, ‘Who are you again?’” he said.

It was difficult to meet the demands of a civilian employer, the Air Guard and family without upsetting one of them, he said, comparing it to balancing a three-legged stool with each leg a different length.

RELATED: Air Force secretary in exclusive interview talks about BRAC, security threats

Curell doubted the Air Force could grow its way out of the current dilemma soon.

“The Air Force will not ‘grow’ itself out of this downturn overnight and if that’s the cornerstone of their game plan, everyone needs to get comfortable hearing (Air Force) leadership bemoan their pilot shortage,” he said in an email. “They need to be acting differently than in the past, because they’re only doing now what they’ve done previously and that didn’t work in the ‘70s, ‘80s or ’90s.”

Navy and Marine Corps shortages

Like the Air Force, the Navy and the Marine Corps boosted incentives to retain some experienced aviators.

The Navy is about 40 pilots short, with concern focused mostly on fighter and electronic warfare aviators, according to Cmdr. Ron Flanders, a Naval Air Forces spokesman in Coronado, Calif.

“We may be short only 40 pilots or so but the retention challenges we have is focusing us to be less selective and could be affecting the quality of our force,” he said.

The Navy has about 7,165 pilots who fly all types of aircraft and another 2,896 naval flight officers who are part of the flying air crew.

Flanders said it’s not just a compensation issue, but addressing readiness shortfalls to ensure pilots fly.

The House Armed Services Committee reported that senior military leaders testified 60 percent of the Navy’s F/A-18s cannot fly and the sea service is short more than 100 aircraft. The Budget Control Act imposed spending caps impacting training and maintenance, military leaders say.

“After years of continuing resolutions and in some cases sequestration, we have not had the funding for parts and flight hours that we need,” Flanders said.

Often, he said, parts are “cannibalized” off one aircraft to keep another in the fleet flying.

RELATED: Wright-Patterson home to world’s most advanced centrifuge 

Naval aviators who fly tactical jets, such as the F/A-18 Super Hornet fighter and the E/A-18 Growler electronic warfare jet have had a reduction in flights hours per year — falling from an average of 250 hours in 2011 to about 190 in 2017, he said. An average for Air Force fighter pilots flying hours was not immediately available.

The Navy boosted re-signing bonuses to $35,000 annually for five years, or $175,000 in total, for test pilots and pilots who fly at the Navy’s famed Top Gun school in Nevada, Flanders said.

However, the Navy would like more flexibility in the length of time it offers aviators financial incentives to stay in uniform, he said.

The Marine Corps reported a shortfall of about 170 aviators on active duty, according to spokeswoman Yvonne Carlock.

The shortages were primarily in the F-35 and F/A-18 fighter jets and MV-22 tilt-rotor transport, she added.

The service branch has 3,373 flying officers, but a break out between pilots and other flying air crew was not available.

To boost retention, the Marines rolled out an aviation bonus this month. Active-duty fighter and attack jet pilots and those who fly the MV-22 transport may be eligible for a $40,000 aviation bonus paid over two years.

WHIO-TV’s Jim Otte contributed to this report.

Rising numbers leaving the ranks

The Air Force says a pilot shortage has grown in the active duty, Air National Guard and reserve ranks. Here’s a look at some key numbers:

Number of pilots short: About 2,000

Number of fighter pilots short: About 1,300

Total number of pilots: 23,000

Cost to train a fighter pilot: $1.1 million

Time to earn pilot’s wings: Two years

Top bonus to fighter pilots: Up to $455,000 for an additional 13-year commitment

SOURCE: U.S. Air Force