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Published: Thursday, March 08, 2018 @ 3:58 PM
Love it or hate it, daylight saving time will begin this weekend. While it seems many do hate losing an hour of their weekend, just as many love the sun setting an hour later.
Many credit Benjamin Franklin as the “inventor” of daylight saving time, but he simply was proposing people wake up earlier and meant it as a joke.
So, we can likely blame an Englishman for modern daylight saving time. On an early-morning horseback ride around London in 1905, William Willett had a bright idea that the United Kingdom should move its clocks forward by 80 minutes between April and October so that more people could enjoy the longer daylight hours.
The Englishman published a brochure in 1907 called “The Waste of Daylight” and devoted much of his time to try enact “summer time.” Willett suggested setting the clocks ahead 20 minutes on each of the 4 Sundays in April and switching them back by the same amount on each of the 4 Sundays in September, a total of 8 time switches per year.
The British Parliament declined, and Willett died in 1915 without ever seeing his idea implemented. Germany was the first country to begin the time change on May 1, 1916. Weeks later, the United Kingdom followed suit and introduced “summer time.”
As a wartime measure, America implemented the time change on March 31, 1918. Contrary to popular belief, American farmers were deeply opposed to the switch. Farmers found daylight saving time very disruptive.
Farmers had to wait an extra hour for dew to evaporate on harvest hay, and their hired hands still left at the same time. Cows also weren’t ready to be milked earlier to meet shipping schedules. In 1919, Congress voted to override President Woodrow Wilson’s veto and ended national Daylight Saving Time. It was urban entities such as retail outlets and recreational businesses that have long pushed for daylight saving over the decades, not rural interests.
After the repeal in 1919, some states and cities continued to shift their clocks, which led to a lot of confusion. World War II saw national Daylight Saving Time resumed, but it ended again after the war and multiple time zones were adopted by local municipalities.
In 1963, Time magazine (ironically enough) published an article titled “A Chaos of Clocks.” By 1965 passengers on a 35-mile bus ride from Steubenville, Ohio, to Moundsville, West Virginia, passed through seven time changes.
By 1966, Congress realized something had to be done to undo the chaos, and the Uniform Time Act was enacted. This standardized Daylight Saving Time from the last Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October, although states still had the option of remaining on standard time year-round. In 2007, Daylight Saving Time was extended, by starting on the second Sunday of March and ending the first Sunday of November.
Still, not everyone follows Daylight Saving time. Hawaii and much of Arizona, along with the U.S. territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands stay on standard time year-round. Around the world, only around 70 countries observe daylight saving. Many countries near the equator, which are not impacted as much by seasonal changes in daylight hours, do not follow Daylight Saving Time.
While it was thought DST would help reduce energy use, a U.S. Department of Transportation study in the 1970s concluded that total electricity savings was only about 1 percent in the spring and fall months. More recent studies have found that cost savings on lighting are more than offset by greater cooling expenses with air conditioning more common than decades ago.
University of California Santa Barbara economists calculated that Indiana’s move to statewide Daylight Saving Time in 2006 led to a 1-percent rise in residential electricity use through additional demand for air conditioning on summer evenings and heating in early spring and late fall mornings. Some also argue that increased recreational activity during DST results in greater gasoline consumption. A 2016 study found that the overall rate for stroke was 8 percent higher in the two days after DST. Cancer patients were 25 percent more likely to have a stroke during that time, and people older than 65 were 20 percent more likely to have a stroke, according to the study.
Published: Friday, March 02, 2018 @ 2:52 AM
Updated: Thursday, March 22, 2018 @ 12:44 AM
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Published: Monday, March 12, 2018 @ 4:33 PM
Updated: Monday, March 12, 2018 @ 5:37 PM
DAYTON — UPDATE @ 5:30 p.m.
A electrical fire that started in the basement of a residence on Pinehurst Avenue has been extinguished, according to Dayton District Fire Chief Adam Landis.
No injuries were reported. He estimated the damage at $10,000.
Landis also said the cause of the fire is under investigation and the residents will be able to stay in their house.
Published: Wednesday, March 21, 2018 @ 10:44 PM
HUBER HEIGHTS — A 32-year-old Huber Heights man was arrested Wednesday on a charge accusing him of committing a hate crime when federal authorities said he attacked a man outside a Cincinnati restaurant because the man identified himself as Jewish.
Izmir Koch -- also under indictment in Montgomery County involving a June 2016 fight on Valley Street in Dayton -- remains in federal custody following his arrest on one count of committing a hate crime under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, punishable by up to 10 years in prison.
Koch already has appeared before U.S. Magistrate Judge Stephanie Bowman, according to a statement from the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio.
OTHER LOCAL NEWS: Dayton firefighters rescue person in house fire
According to a federal indictment unsealed Wednesday, Koch was outside a restaurant with others on Feb. 4, 2017, when he allegedly yelled out asking if anyone outside the restaurant was Jewish.
A victim responded that he was Jewish and it is alleged that Koch then ran to the man and punched him in the head. When the victim fell to the ground, Koch and others continued hitting and kicking him.
The victim suffered injuries from the attack, including rib contusions and a fracture of his orbital floor - the bottom portion of an eye socket.
"Physically attacking someone because you think he's Jewish or Christian or Muslim or any other religion is a federal crime," U.S. Attorney Benjamin Glassman said in the prepared statement. "This office prosecutes hate crimes."
According to one Cincinnati media report, the victim was not actually Jewish, Glassman said at a news conference.
KOCH INDICTED IN MONTGOMERY COUNTY
A check of Montgomery County online court records shows that Koch was indicted in July 2016 on two counts of felonious assault (deadly weapon and serious harm). The status of the case is labeled "reopened" and a motion in the case was filed Tuesday.
In that motion filed by the Montgomery County Prosecutor's Office, Koch and at least five other men accused of assaulting a man in a fight and stabbing June 7, 2016, outside SMS Trucking, 1602 Valley St., are claiming self-defense.
The fracas involved men of Russian descent, police have said.
One of the co-defendants claimed to a police detective that they committed the assault because the man "made disparaging comments about their mothers, and their culture does not permit such comments."
The co-defendant also told the detective they all fought with the man because "they were not scared of him and they needed to handle the situation on their own."
The prosecutor's office has asked the trial judge to compel the co-defendant to testify as to those statements.
Published: Wednesday, March 21, 2018 @ 10:08 PM
— Those ready for spring weather likely won’t like this forecast.
A clipper-type system looks to spread snow into the region this weekend, Storm Center 7 Chief Meteorologist Eric Elwell said.
The storm system looks to arrive late Friday night or into Saturday morning. The current forecast track would bring snow across much of the Miami Valley during the day Saturday.
“Snow accumulation, perhaps heavy, would be likely along and north of the Ohio River should the current forecast track hold,” Elwell said, “but a lot can still change.”
If the system adjusts north, then the threat will be for more of a mix or perhaps even more rain than snow, Elwell said.
However, the system could escape to the south with little to no local effect.
“We’ll know a lot more on the potential threat of this system by late Thursday. Stay tuned!” Elwell said.