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Published: Wednesday, March 07, 2018 @ 9:39 AM
Retirement can be a a joyous time. Freedom abounds; you get to choose how you spend your days. For some people, a comfortable post-career life is quiet, with lots of time to spend with the grandkids and twice-yearly vacations. For others, retiring means jet-setting around the globe, building a second home at the beach or in the mountains, or even starting a small business.
Most of us fall somewhere in the middle on the frugal-to-extravagant spectrum when it comes to how we envision our retired years. So how much of a nest egg and annual income do we need to make our retirement dreams come true?
My research on what makes happy retirees tick uncovered a magic number (of sorts) for contentment in this next phase of life – $82,770. This amount is the average net sum that the happiest retired couples I surveyed spend each year during retirement.
Of course, everyone’s individual needs will be, well, individual. So, for your retirement, you may need less or want more spending money to find your happy place.
Commentators on financial freedom during retirement are quick to say that everyone needs about $2.2 million stashed away to have a good retirement. But I have seen folks live rich, fulfilling post-job lives on far less.
The first component to remember is that your investments probably won’t be your sole source of income after you stop working. Think about it. Depending on your age when you bid adieu to the 9-to-5 world, you may be eligible for Social Security benefits or draw from a pension. You may decide to try some part-time work. You could be receiving rental income on another house (or other houses) you own. There are plenty of possibilities for how you’ll supplement your retirement nest egg once the time comes.
Let’s explore each of these potential income streams in more detail, and then talk about investment income.
Under the current rules, you can start receiving SS benefits when you are 62. But, remember, for every year you wait up to age 70, you’ll get a higher monthly benefit.
I know what you’re thinking: “Will Social Security even be around when I retire?” My answer is “probably,” especially if you are currently in your late 50s or early 60s. If you’re just starting your career, however, it never hurts to plan for a retirement without accounting for a monthly SS check. You’ll just have more savings when the time comes for you to call it a career.
For those lucky few who still earn a pension – folks like teachers and government workers, for example – remember to factor this amount into your monthly income calculations.
Consider taking on a part-time job to generate some additional income (and for the added benefit of making some new friends).
Make sure you choose a side gig on your own terms. It should entail work you enjoy with hours that allow you to live out your retirement dreams, and, ideally, connect you with a passion. If golf is your thing, get a job as a starter or tournament marshal. Love clothes and fashion? Put in a few hours per week at a boutique.
And let’s not forget that working part-time offers the bonus of human interaction and the chance to expand your social circle, both of which are good for your health!
If you decide (and can afford) to buy a new house without selling your current home, consider renting the old place. This is a great idea for folks planning to downsize in retirement. Think about it this way: If the rent is more than your monthly mortgage payment, taxes, upkeep, etc., you will generate extra monthly income. Additionally, your tenant is footing the bill as your house (hopefully) appreciates and you build equity.
And so we arrive at the central piece of our income puzzle.
A general rule of thumb that I like to use is that for every $240,000 you save, you should expect to generate about $1,000 per month in income. Things like dividends on stocks, interest on bonds and distributions from such alternative investments as REIT’s (Real Estate Investment Trusts) or MLPs (Master Limited Partnerships) kick off the income. Under this scenario, the idea is to leave our principal intact. You can read more about my method of income investing here.
Now, let’s put it all together to see exactly what it will take to get you and your spouse to that $82,770 annual income level.
To net this amount, you’ll need to generate around $100,000 of total gross income. Consider this example of annual income:
$24,000 – SS Spouse 1 ($2,000/month)
$18,000 – SS Spouse 2 ($1,500/month)
$8,000 – Annual Pension ($666.66/month)
$12,000 – Part-Time Work ($1,000/month)
$ 0 – No rental income
$38,000 – Investment Income ($3,166.66/month)
Total = $100,000
Here, we get to $100,000. If we assume a tax rate of 17.22% (as we all know, taxes vary for everyone), it brings us down to that happy retiree average of $82,770 net for the year.
Notice that for our example couple to fill the gap, they needed $38,000 per year in income from their investments. To generate this level of income (based on our general rule), you’d need about $950,000 to withdraw the 4% per year of investment income. That’s less than half of that $2.2 million we talked about before! And, it’s a number that’s attainable for most anyone with a bit of discipline and determination – especially if you start early.
True, $950,000 is still quite a bit of money, but it’s worth every sacrifice if it funds the retirement of your dreams, however that looks. And, heck, next to $2.2 million, it’s a bargain!
Published: Thursday, February 22, 2018 @ 6:13 PM
— ‘Tis the season for taxpayers to get a nice chunk of change back from the IRS.
It’s tempting to spend it all, but financial experts say there are steps you should take to shore up your financial future.
Some who usually pay off debt will splurge this year.
“I’m going to Japan in April so I’m actually going to add that to my travel fund, so I’m really excited about it,” said Olivia Morris from Centerville.
Those who used to spend their return?
“I just plan to save it. We are about to start a family, so I plan on saving it for the baby,” said Toska Ivory of Dayton.
It’s important to have a plan for tax return funds or any financial windfall, said Lisa Roberts, Graceworks certified housing and credit counselor.
Pay urgent bills first then save.
“If it’s something that is urgent -- a bill that’s going to be a roof over your head, utilities, pay them,” said Roberts, “after that you definitely want to put it into savings.”
WalletHub has these additional tax refund spending recommendations:
As for splurging?
Published: Thursday, January 04, 2018 @ 11:05 AM
— Many companies have announced they will provide first quarter cash bonuses to employees following last month’s passage of the tax reform bill.
» RELATED: What to expect from the new tax legislation
While some may see this as money to spend immediately, PNC offered five things to think about for how to use the funds:
FIVE FAST BUSINESS READS
Published: Thursday, December 28, 2017 @ 9:12 AM
— With the recent tax changes, the usual end-of-year assortment of tax moves is likely more complicated in 2017.
These changes affect everyone from single mothers to millionaires to most sports fans who buy event tickets.
“I’d love to tell you that everyone has a handle on this,” said Mark Bradstreet, founder of the Bradstreet & Co. Inc. accounting firm, which has offices in Centerville and Xenia. “I’m not sure anyone does. I would be suspicious if someone said they did.”
Prominent among the changes: The 1,000-page legislation recently passed by Congress and signed by President Donald Trump caps at $10,000 the amount of state and municipal taxes that taxpayers can deduct from their federal tax bill.
Some filers — those with high property tax bills who aren’t using the standard deduction — are scrambling to pre-pay property taxes for the coming year before the cap takes effect, according to national reports. In 2017, that deduction has no ceiling.
While the new tax bill lets local municipalities decide whether to allow taxpayers to pre-pay property taxes, it blocked filers from pre-paying local sales and income taxes.
Bradstreet said it’s OK to pre-pay real estate taxes for most taxpayers. Montgomery, Greene and Warren counties will allow filers to pay property taxes early, he said.
“They’re all more than happy to take your money,” he quipped.
If you fall under the alternative minimum tax (AMT) — and if you don’t itemize your deductions — paying property property taxes early won’t help, Bradstreet said.
“For most people, though, it’s ‘no harm, no foul’ pre-paying it this year,” he said.
But an IRS announcement was triggering more confusion early Thursday.
In a notice, the IRS said pre-paying property taxes may work, but only under certain conditions. Real estate taxes may be paid in 2017, but the taxes must also be assessed in 2017.
William Duncan, a certified public accountant with Dayton firm Thorn, Lewis & Duncan, said taxpayers should check with accountants to see if they will fall under the AMT in 2017.
Duncan called the tax changes “wild.” With newly lowered tax brackets and higher standard deductions, he said he has clients with seven-figure incomes who will opt to take the standard deduction this year instead of itemizing.
That’s the first time in his career he has seen that, Duncan said.
The standard deduction for married individuals filing jointly is $24,000, noted John Venturella, a Dayton shareholder with Clark Schaefer Hackett.
“I think you are just going to see a lot of people using the standard deduction,” Venturella said.
The new law introduces some wrinkles for University of Dayton Flyers or other college and professional sports fans, too.
If you buy University of Dayton basketball tickets in the lower arena and pay for a seat license, current law lets you deduct 80 percent of that as a charitable deduction. That benefit is going away in 2018, Duncan said.
The university is inviting ticket-holders to pre-pay for seat licenses in 2017, Duncan said, which Adam Tschuor, associate athletics director for revenue and partnerships at UD, confirmed.
“It may be to your advantage to pay for next season’s ASP (Arena Seating Program) donation or beyond before Jan. 1, 2018,” the university said in a letter sent to ticket-holders just last week. “These payments would still be tax deductible under existing tax law.”
Tschuor said the university has always allowed fans to prepay their “ASP donation in all the way up to the conclusion of the announced ASP cycle.”
Another change: Your tickets for UD, Wright State, Ohio State or Cincinnati Reds or Bengals games will no longer be tax-deductible as a business entertainment expense.
“If you’re a businessperson and you want to take clients to the UD game next year, you’re not going to be allowed to take a tax deduction for the entertainment value of those tickets,” Duncan said.
For businesses, Duncan said it’s important this year to try to defer whatever income you can, push it to 2018, and pay the expenses you can in 2017.
Most accountants scoff at the notion, pushed by the bill’s proponents, that it has simplified the tax code. For higher-income earners in particular, as well as many small businesses, tax law remains at least as complex as ever. And the bill has injected a new layer of uncertainty because so many changes are temporary and could be reversed in a few years.
Donating to charities
December is a critical fundraising month for charities. Many people make year-end gifts for tax reasons, or to extend the spirit of Thanksgiving and generosity to those less fortunate. Here are a few dos and don’ts when it comes to charitable giving.
DON’T succumb to high-pressure, emotional pitches. Giving on the spot is never necessary, no matter how hard a telemarketer or door-to-door solicitor pushes it. The charity that needs your money today will welcome it just as much tomorrow – after you’ve had time to do your homework.
DO think before you give. If you are solicited at the mall or on the street, take a minute or two to “think.” Ask for the charity’s name and address. Get full identification from the solicitor and review it carefully. If you decide to donate, don’t give cash. Write a check made payable to the charitable organization, not an individual.
DO check out the charity carefully. Make sure you feel comfortable with how your money will be spent. Don’t just take the word of someone else; even good friends may not have fully researched the charities they endorse. Go to www.give.org to verify that a charity meets BBB Wise Giving Alliance’s 20 Standards for Charity Accountability.
DON’T assume that only “low overhead” matters. How much money a charity spends on the actual cause – as compared to how much goes toward fundraising and administration – is an important factor, but it’s not the whole story. A charity with impressive financial ratios could have other significant problems such as insufficient transparency, inadequate board activity and inaccurate appeals.
SOURCE: Better Business Bureau
Published: Wednesday, December 13, 2017 @ 10:32 AM
— It's that time of year again when parents and college or college-bound students fill out the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid).
The idea of wading through a form – especially one that requires financial information – is definitely not an appealing idea, but the FAFSA could be a tremendous help in getting your student money to attend college.
The following points are what you need to know, as well as common mistakes to avoid when filling out the FAFSA.
Fill it out – you have nothing to lose.
You may think that you don't need to fill out the FAFSA, especially if you believe you might not qualify for need-based aid. But there's no income cut-off point with federal student aid, according to the U.S. Department of Education. In addition, the FAFSA can help you qualify for all kinds of grants, loans and scholarships, including those offered by your state, school or private organizations.
By investing a few minutes of time, you could reap thousands of dollars in potential rewards.
Submit it ASAP.
The sooner you submit your FAFSA, the better, according to consumer adviser Clark Howard. Although the federal deadline isn't until June 30, 2018, you should check with the financial aid administrator at colleges you're interested in to make sure their deadlines aren't earlier.
Submitting earlier will help you plan how you'll pay for college. You'll also have a better chance of getting as much aid or scholarship money as possible since some colleges distribute their available money on a first-come, first-serve basis, Howard says.
Gather the information you'll need.
The FAFSA asks questions about the student as well as his or her parents if the student is a dependent.
You'll need the following information on hand as you fill out the FAFSA:
Watch out for common mistakes.
The National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators points out some common mistakes that can delay your form's submission or cause you to not get the aid and scholarships you might qualify for. They include the following:
Keep an eye out for requests for more information.
Your FAFSA may be selected for verification, which means you'll have to provide some additional or supporting information, U.S. News & World Report explains. This process doesn't necessarily mean you've done anything wrong. You may have a discrepancy or mistake on your form, but some FAFSAs are just randomly selected for verification (lucky you!).